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Bibliography


This bibliography supports the portions of George Q. Cannon’s journals that are annotated, that is, the journals from 1849 through 1854. The following abbreviations have been used to reduce the size of the footnotes and bibliography:

CHL

Church History Library, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah

BYOF

Brigham Young, Office Files, 1832–78, CHL

BYU

L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah

WFC

William Farrer, Correspondence, 1851–60, typescript, CHL

Adler, Jacob, ed. The Journal of Prince Alexander Liholiho: The Voyages Made to the United States, England and France in 1849–1850. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1967.

Adler, Jacob, and Robert M. Kamins. The Fantastic Life of Walter Murray Gibson: Hawaii’s Minister of Everything. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986.

Aird, Polly. “Without Purse or Scrip in Scotland.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 39 (Summer 2006): 46–69.

Alexander, W. D. A Brief History of the Hawaiian People. New York: American Book, 1899.

Allen, James B. No Toil nor Labor Fear: The Story of William Clayton. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2002. Originally published as Trials of Discipleship: The Story of William Clayton, a Mormon.Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.

Allen, James B., Ronald K. Esplin, and David J. Whittaker. Men with a Mission, 1837–1841: The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in the British Isles. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1992.

Allen, James B., and Glen M. Leonard. The Story of the Latter-day Saints. 2d ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1992.

Allred, Reddick Newton. Journals, 1852–56. Daughters of Utah Pioneers, Salt Lake City, UT. Microfilm copy also available in the CHL. A portion of his journals dealing with his Hawaiian mission experiences has also been included in “The Diary of Reddick N. Allred,” in Carter, Treasures of Pioneer History, 5:297–372.

Allred, Reddin Alexander. Journal, Feb.–May 1854, typescript. CHL.

———. Journal, June 1854–Feb. 1855, typescript. CHL.

Anderson, James H. “President George Q. Cannon.” In Lives of Our Leaders (Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1901), 29–46.

Anderson, Richard Lloyd. Investigating the Book of Mormon Witnesses. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1981.

———. “Personal Writings of the Book of Mormon Witnesses.” In Book of Mormon Authorship Revisited: The Evidence for Ancient Origins, edited by Noel B. Reynolds. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, 1997.

Arbuthnot, John. The History of John Bull. London: Oxford, 1976.

Armstrong, Richard. Journal, 1840–58. Hawaiian Mission Children’s Society Library, Honolulu, HI.

———. Letter to Robert C. Wyllie, Oct. 8, 1851. Foreign Office and Executive Chronological Files, 1850–1900, Local Officials, October–December 1851. Hawaii State Archives, Honolulu, HI. Photocopy available in the Collected Papers Concerning Mormonism in Hawaii Collection, 1846–91, CHL.

Arrington, Harriet Horne. “Fifty Years Building Utah: Joseph Horne’s Pioneering Contributions.” In Nearly Everything Imaginable: The Everyday Life of Utah’s Mormon Pioneers, edited by Ronald W. Walker and Doris R. Dant, 431–49. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1999.

Arrington, Leonard J. Brigham Young: American Moses. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1985.

———. Charles C. Rich: Mormon General and Western Frontiersman. Studies in Mormon History Series 1. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1974.

——— “Coin and Currency in Early Utah,” Utah Historical Quarterly 20 (January 1952).

———. “An Economic Interpretation of ‘The Word of Wisdom.’” BYU Studies 1, no. 1 (1959): 37–49.

Arrington, Leonard J. Great Basin Kingdom: An Economic History of the Latter-day Saints, 1830–1900. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1958, reprint Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1993.

Ashby, Leland Hansen, comp. An Autobiography of Peter Olsen Hansen, 1818–1895. Salt Lake City, 1988.

Ashton, Wendell J. Voice in the West: Biography of a Pioneer Newspaper. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1950.

Bachman, Danel W. “A Study of the Mormon Practice of Plural Marriage before the Death of Joseph Smith.” Master’s thesis, Purdue University, 1975.

Backman, Milton V., Jr. Eyewitness Accounts of the Restoration. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1986.

———. Joseph Smith’s First Vision: The First Vision in its Historical Context. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1971.

Bagley, Will, ed. A Bright, Rising Star: A Brief Life and Letter of James Ferguson, Sergeant Major, Mormon Battalion; Adjutant General, Nauvoo Legion. Spokane, WA: Arthur H. Clark, 2000.

———. “‘Everything is Favorable! And God is On Our Side’: Samuel Brannan and the Conquest of California,” Journal of Mormon History 23 (Fall 1997).

———. A Road from El Dorado: The 1848 Trail Journal of Ephraim Green. Salt Lake City: Prairie Dog Press, 1991. The original Green journal is located in the CHL.

———. Scoundrel’s Tale: The Samuel Brannan Papers. Kingdom in the West: The Mormons and the American Frontier 3. Spokane, WA: Arthur H. Clark, 1999.

Bailey, Paul. Hawaii’s Royal Prime Minister: The Life & Times of Walter Murray Gibson. New York: Hastings House, 1980.

———. Sam Brannan and the California Mormons. Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1943.

———. Walkara: Hawk of the Mountains. Great West and Indian Series 2. Los Angeles: Westernlore Press, 1954.

Bair, Amos W. The History of Richmond, Utah. Richmond, UT: Richmond Bicentennial Committee, 1976.

Baker, Ray Jerome. Honolulu in 1853—Six Photographic Reproductions of the Lithographs Made from Original Drawings by Paul Emmert in 1853, Together with Brief Descriptions of Occupants, Owners and Locations of the Subjects Drawn. Honolulu: R. J. Baker, 1950.

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of California. 7 vols. San Francisco: History, 1886–90. This history has also been published as volumes 18 through 24 of The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft (San Francisco: History, 1883–90).

Barney, Elvira Stevens. The Stevens Genealogy. Salt Lake City: Skelton Publishing, 1907.

Barney, Ronald O., ed. The Mormon Vanguard Brigade of 1847: Norton Jacob’s Record. Logan: Utah State University Press, 2005.

Barron, Howard H. Orson Hyde: Missionary, Apostle, Colonizer. Bountiful, UT: Horizon, 1977.

Bartholomew, Gail, and Bren Bailey. Maui Remembers: A Local History. Honolulu: Mutual, 1994.

Baugh, Alexander L. Days Never to Be Forgotten: Oliver Cowdery. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2009.

Beattie, George William and Helen Pruitt Beattie. Heritage of the Valley: San Bernardino’s First Century. Pasadena, Calif.: San Pasqual Press, 1939.

Beck, Raymond Clyde. “Palawai Basin: Hawaii’s Mormon Zion.” Master’s thesis, University of Hawaii, 1972.

Benedetto, Robert. The Hawaii Journals of the New England Missionaries, 1813–1894: A Guide to the Holdings of the Hawaiian Mission Children’s Society Library. Honolulu: Hawaiian Mission Children’s Society, 1982.

Bennett, Richard E. Mormons at the Missouri, 1846–1852: “And Should We Die . . .” Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987.

Bigler, David, Donald Buck, and Merrill J. Mattes. “‘O Wickedness, Where is Thy Boundary’: The 1850 California Gold Rush Diary of George Shepard,” Overland Journal 10, no. 4 (Winter 1992).

Bigler, David L., and Will Bagley. Army of Israel: Mormon Battalion Narratives. Kingdom in the West: The Mormons and the American Frontier 4. Spokane, WA: Arthur H. Clark, 2000.

Bigler, Henry William. Collection. Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

———. Diary, “Book B,” Oct. 8, 1849–Nov. 15, 1850. Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, CA.

———. Diary, “Book D,” Mar. 31, 1853–Mar. 20, 1854. Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, CA.

———. Diary, “Book G,” May 14, 1857–Jan. 15, 1859. Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, CA.

———. Diary, Hawaiian Mission Manuscript History excerpts, Jan. 1851–Dec. 1852. Hawaiian Honolulu Mission Manuscript History. CHL. Includes selected entries kept by Bigler between November 1850 and March 1853, likely in the diary he labeled “Book C,” the whereabouts of which are unknown.

———. Journal, LDS ledger, Feb. 1846–Oct. 1899, CHL. This volume provides an overview of his life through November 1846, and selected journal entries from July 1853 through September 1899. The pages recounting events between November 1846 and July 1853 have been cut from this volume.

———. Journal and Autobiography, “Book A.” Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, CA. Compiled later in life by Bigler, this record includes an overview of his life prior to his Hawaiian mission and the portion of his mission diary recorded as “Book B.” A variant typescript copy of this record is also available in Henry William Bigler, Reminiscences and diaries, 1846–50, CHL.

———. Journals. Typescript, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

———. “Personal Experience.” St. George (UT) Union, Jan. 11–May 28, 1896. This series of articles, authored under the initials “H. W. B.,” recounts episodes in Bigler’s life beginning with his journey to the California gold fields in 1849 through the arrival of additional Latter-day Saint missionaries in Hawai‘i in February 1853.

Biographical Directory of the American Congress, 1774–1961. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1961.

Biographical Record of Salt Lake City and Vicinity, Containing Biographies of Well Known Citizens of the Past and Present. Chicago: National Historical Record, 1902.

Bishop, M. Guy. “A Great Little Saint: A Brief Look at the Life of Henry William Bigler.” BYU Studies 30 (Fall 1990): 27–38.

———. “Henry William Bigler: Mormon Missionary to the Sandwich Islands during the 1850’s.” Hawaiian Journal of History 20 (1986): 122–35.

———. Henry William Bigler: Soldier, Gold Miner, Missionary, Chronicler, 1815–1900. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1998.

———. “Waging Holy War: Mormon-Congregationalist Conflict in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Hawaii.” Journal of Mormon History 17 (1991): 110–19.

Bitton, Davis, and Leonard J. Arrington. Mormons and Their Historians. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1988.

Bitton, Davis. George Q. Cannon: A Biography. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1999.

Black, Esther Boulton. Rancho Cucamonga and Doña Merced. Riverside, Calif.: Rubidoux Printing Co., 1975.

Blair, Roger P. “‘The Doctor Gets Some Practice’: Cholera and Medicine on the Overland Trails.” Journal of the West 36 (Jan. 1997): 54–66.

Bock, Comfort Margaret. “The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in the Hawaiian Islands.” Master’s thesis, University of Hawaii, 1941.

Bolton, Herbert Eugene. Font’s Complete Diary: A Chronicle of the Founding of San Francisco Berkeley: University of California Press, 1931.

Bringhurst, Newell G. “Sam Brannan: Restless Pioneer and Dreamer,” Californian 5 (Sept.-Oct. 1987).

Bringhurst, Newell G. “Sam Brannan’s 1851 Hawaiian Filibustering Expedition: A ‘Paradise Postponed.’” Californians 5 (Sept./Oct. 1987): 20–23.

Britsch, R. Lanier. “Early Latter-day Saint Mission to South and East Asia.” Ph.D. diss., Claremont Graduate School, 1967.

———. From the East: The History of the Latter-day Saints in Asia, 1851–1996. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1998. Britsch’s initial research on Latter-day Saint activities in Asia had previously been available as “Early Latter-day Saint Missions to South and East Asia” (PhD diss., Claremont Graduate School, 1967).

———. “The Lanai Colony: A Hawaiian Extension of the Mormon Colonial Idea.” Hawaiian Journal of History 12 (1978): 68–83.

———. Moramona: The Mormons in Hawaii. Mormons in the Pacific. Laie, HI: Institute for Polynesian Studies, 1989.

———. Nothing More Heroic: The Compelling Story of the First Latter-day Saint Missionaries in India. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1999. Britsch’s initial research on this topic was previously available as “A History of the Missionary Activities of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in India, 1849–1856” (Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1964).

———. Unto the Islands of the Sea: A History of the Latter-day Saints in the Pacific. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1986.

Britton & Rey’s Map of the State of California, 1857.

Brown, James S. Giant of the Lord - Life of a Pioneer. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1960.

Brown, James S. Life of a Pioneer: Being the Autobiography of James S. Brown. Salt Lake City: George Q. Cannon & Sons, 1900. This volume was reissued as Giant of the Lord—Life of a Pioneer (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1960).

Bull, Sara Chapman Thorp. Ole Bull: A Memoir. Cambridge, MA: Riverside Press, 1882.

Bullock, Richard H. Ship Brooklyn Saints: Their Journey and Early Endeavors in California. 2 vols. Sandy, UT: Printed by author, 2009.

Burton, Richard F. The City of the Saints and Across the Rocky Mountains to California. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1862.

Bush, Lester E. “The Spalding Theory Then and Now.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 10 (Autumn 1977): 40–69.

———. “The Word of Wisdom in Early Nineteenth-Century Perspective.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 14 (Autumn 1981): 46–65.

Bushman, Richard Lyman. Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005.

Bushman, Virginia W., comp. “Sketch of the Life of Eliza Wollerton Dilworth, a Utah Pioneer of 1847, Jedediah M. Grant’s Company,” typescript. CHL.

Cahill, Emmett. Hawaiian Stamps: An Illustrated History. Volcano, HI: Orchid Isle, 1987.

Cain, Joseph and Arieh C. Brower. Mormon Way-Bill to the Gold Mines. G.S.L. City, Deseret: W. Richards, 1851.

California Daily Courier (San Francisco).

California Star. San Francisco, California, 1 Apr. 1848.

Campbell, Eugene E. “The Apostasy of Sam Brannan,” Utah Historical Quarterly 27 (April 1959).

———. Establishing Zion: The Mormon Church in the American West, 1847–1869. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1988.

———. “The Mormon Gold Mining Mission of 1849.” BYU Studies 1, no. 2, and 2, no. 1 [double issue] (Autumn 1959/Winter 1960): 19–31. This article was reprinted as Eugene Edward Campbell, “The Gold Mission,” Pioneer (Spring 1999): 10–14.

Cannon, Angus Munn. Diaries, 1854–1915. Angus Munn Cannon Collection. CHL.

Cannon, Donald Q., and David J. Whittaker, eds. Supporting Saints: Life Stories of Nineteenth-Century Mormons. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1985.

Cannon, George Q. He Olelo Hoolaha. San Francisco: [Western Standard Press], 1855.

———. Journal, Nov. 29, 1900–Jan. 16, 1901. Clawson Y. Cannon Papers, BYU. Dictated to his son Clawson Y. Cannon, who was fifteen years old at the time, during a visit to Hawai‘i to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Hawaiian Mission. Portions of this journal have been published as “Excerpts from the Journal of George Q. Cannon, Dictated by Him to His Son Dr. Clawson Y. Cannon in 1900–1901,” Improvement Era 53 (August 1950): 623–24, 672, 674.

———. Journals, 1849–54. CHL.

———. Letter to Parley P. Pratt, Dec. 20, 1855. Parley P. Pratt Correspondence, 1842–55, CHL.

———. My First Mission. Faith Promoting Series 1. Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor Office, 1879. Most of this short history of Cannon’s Hawaiian mission recounts events mentioned in his journals. He previously published portions of My First Mission as “Missionary Sketches,” Juvenile Instructor 5 (Jan. 8, 22, Feb. 5, 19, Mar. 5, 19, Apr. 2, 16, 30, May 14, 28, June 11, 25, July 9, Aug. 6, 20, Sep. 3, Oct. 1, 1870): 3, 11, 19, 31, 39, 42–43, 52, 63, 71, 78, 87, 91, 101–2, 110, 123, 133–34, 141–42, 155.

———. “Twenty Years Ago: A Sketch” or “Twenty Years Ago: A Trip to California.” Juvenile Instructor 4 (Jan. 2, 16, 30, Feb. 13, 27, Mar. 13, 27, Apr. 10, 24, May 8, 22, June 5, 1869): 6–7, 13–14, 21–22, 28, 36–37, 44, 52–53, 60, 68, 78–79, 84, 92.

———. “Visit to a Hawaiian Volcano.” Juvenile Instructor 32 (Oct. 15, 1897): 631–37.

———. Writings from the “Western Standard,” Published in San Francisco, California. Liverpool: George Q. Cannon, 1864.

Cannon, George Q., Francis A. Hammond, and James Keeler to Richard Armstrong, Jan. 1, 1852, page 34 of M-12c. Reports of Marriage and Marriage Licenses, Hana, Maui, 1847, 1850–53, 1860–61, Series 223. Vital Statistics Collection. Hawaii State Archives, Honolulu, HI. Photocopy available in the Hawaiian Islands Department of Public Instruction Correspondence, CHL.

Cannon, Janath Russel, ed. Cannon Family Historical Treasury. Salt Lake City: George Cannon Family Association, 1967.

Cannon, John Q. George Cannon, the Immigrant: Isle of Man, 1794–St. Louis, U.S.A., 1844, His Ancestry, His Life, His Native Land, His Posterity. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1927.

Cannon, Joseph J. “George Q. Cannon: The Missionary Turns into Man of Affairs.” Instructor 80 (Feb. 1945): 57–59, 95. This is the fourteenth installment in a series of monthly articles on George Q. Cannon published by Joseph J. Cannon in the Instructor between January 1944 and November 1945. These articles recount events in his life beginning with his youth in Liverpool, England, and continuing through an 1884 visit to David Whitmer, one of the witnesses of the Book of Mormon.

———. “George Q. Cannon: The Mission to California.” Instructor 79 (Nov. 1944): 510–14. This is the eleventh installment in a series of monthly articles on George Q. Cannon published by Joseph J. Cannon in the Instructor between January 1944 and November 1945. These articles recount events in his life beginning with his youth in Liverpool, England, and continuing through an 1884 visit to David Whitmer, one of the witnesses of the Book of Mormon.

Carter, Kate B., comp. Heart Throbs of the West. 12 vols. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1939–51.

———. Our Pioneer Heritage. 20 vols. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1958–77.

———. Treasures of Pioneer History. 6 vols. Salt Lake City: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1952–57.

Caughey, John Walton. “The Jacob Y. Stover Narrative,” Pacific Historical Review 6, no. 2 (June 1937): 165–81

———. “Southwest from Salt Lake in 1849,” Pacific Historical Review 6:2 (June 1937)

Chapin, Helen Geracimos. “Newspapers of Hawai‘i 1834 to 1903: From ‘He Liona’ to the Pacific Cable.” Hawaiian Journal of History 18 (1984): 47–86.

Chard, Gary Ray. “A History of the French Mission of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1850–1960.” Master’s thesis, Utah State University, 1965.

Chinen, Jon J. The Great Mahele: Hawaii’s Land Division of 1848. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1958.

Christy, Howard. “The Walker War: Defense and Conciliation as Strategy.” In Utah Historical Quarterly 47 (Fall 1979): 395–420.

Church, H. W. Letter to John Taylor, July 16, 1855. John Taylor Collection. CHL.

Church Education System, Church History in the Fulness of Times. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1989.

Clappe, Louise. The Shirley Letters: Being Letters Written in 1851–1852 from the California Mines. Salt Lake City: Peregrine Smith Books, 1983.

Clark, Donald Thomas. Monterey County Place Names. Carmel Valley, Calif.: Ketrel Press, 1991.

Clark, James R., ed. Messages of the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1833–1964. 6 vols. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1965–75.

Clayton, Roberta Flake. Pioneer Men of Arizona. N.p.: Printed by author, 1974.

Cleland, Robert Glass. From Wilderness to Empire: A History of California. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1959.

Clement, Russell T. “From Cook to the 1840 Constitution: The Name Change from Sandwich to Hawaiian Islands.” Hawaiian Journal of History 14 (1980): 50–57.

———. “Polynesian Origins: More Word on the Mormon Perspective.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 13 (Winter 1980): 88–98.

Coan, Titus. Life in Hawaii: An Autobiographic Sketch of Mission Life and Labors, 1835–1881. New York: Anson D. F. Randolph, 1882.

Cockett, Jonah Patrick. Notes regarding Church history on Maui, typescript. CHL. Includes notes extracted from Cockett’s diary in March 1955 and presented to Latter-day Saint historian Frederick Mau.

Coleman, Arthur D., comp. Wives and Daughters of the Pratt Pioneers of Utah. Salt Lake City: Printed by author, 1969.

Companys, F. Boneo. Gaspar de Portola, Explorer and Founder of California, trans. and rev. by Alan K. Brown. Lerida, Spain: Instituto de Estudios Ilerdenses, 1983.

Compton, Todd. In Sacred Loneliness: The Plural Wives of Joseph Smith. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1997.

Conquerors of the West: Stalwart Mormon Pioneers. Edited by Florence C. Youngberg. 4 vols. Salt Lake City: Sons of Utah Pioneers, 1999.

Cook, Lyndon W., ed. David Whitmer Interviews: A Restoration Witness. Orem, UT: Grandin Book, 1991.

———. The Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1985.

———. William Law: Biographical Essay, Nauvoo Diary, Correspondence, Interview. Orem, UT: Grandin Book, 1994. An early version of this work was published as Lyndon W. Cook, “William Law, Nauvoo Dissenter,” BYU Studies 22 (Winter 1982): 47–72.

Corbett, Pearson H. Hyrum Smith, Patriarch. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1963.

Cowan, Richard O. Every Man Shall Hear the Gospel in His Own Language: A History of the Missionary Training Center and Its Predecessors. Provo, UT: Missionary Training Center, 1984.

Cowley, Matthias. Diary, Jan.–May 1857, microfilm of MS. CHL.

———. Reminiscences, 1856, typescript. CHL.

Coy, Owen C. Map of a Portion of the Gold Mining Region of California. California State Historical Association, 1948.

Crampton, C. Gregory. The Mariposa Indian War, 1850–1851. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1957.

Crampton, C. Gregory and Steven K. Madsen. In Search of the Spanish Trail: Santa Fe to Los Angeles, 1829–1848. Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith, Publisher, 1994.

Crawley, Peter. A Descriptive Bibliography of the Mormon Church, 3 vols. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997, 2005, 2012.

Crocheron, Augusta Joyce. Representative Women of Deseret: A Book of Biographical Sketches. Salt Lake City: J. C. Graham, 1884.

Crockett, David R. “The Voyage of the Brooklyn.” Pioneer (Autumn 1998): 20–27.

Cross, Ralph Herbert. The Early Inns of California, 1844–1869. San Francisco: Cross and Brandt, 1954.

Cushing, Robert L. “The Beginnings of Sugar Production in Hawai‘i.” Hawaiian Journal of History 19 (1985): 17–35.

Daily Alta California (San Francisco).

Dalton, Luella Adams, comp. History of the Iron County Mission and Parowan, the Mother Town. N.p.: The Compiler, [1962].

Dana, Julian. Sutter of California: A Biography. New York: The Press of the Pioneers, 1934.

David Switzer Log. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Davies, J. Kenneth. Mormon Gold: The Story of California’s Mormon Argonauts. Salt Lake City: Olympus, 1984. A separate volume was published by Davies entitled Appendices for “Mormon Gold: The Story of California’s Mormon Argonauts” (Provo, UT: Printed by author, 1984).

Davis, Eleanor Harmon. Abraham Fornander: A Biography. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1979.

Daws, Gavan. “Honolulu in the 19th Century: Notes on the Emergence of Urban Society in Hawaii.” Journal of Pacific History 2 (1967): 77–96.

Day, A. Grove. History Makers of Hawaii: A Biographical Dictionary. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing of Honolulu, 1984.

Daynes, Kathryn M. More Wives Than One: Transformation of the Mormon Marriage System, 1840–1910. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2008.

DeBolt, Lynn. “Sacramento Paddle-Wheelers.” Westways 78 (January 1986): 31–33.

Derr, Jill Mulvay. “Sarah Melissa Granger Kimball: The Liberal Shall be Blessed.” In Sister Saints, edited by Vicky Burgess-Olson, 23–40. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1978.

Derr, Jill Mulvay, Janath Russell Cannon, and Maureen Ursenbach Beecher. Women of Covenant: The Story of Relief Society. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1992.

Deseret Evening News (Salt Lake City).

Deseret News (Salt Lake City).

Deseret News. Great Salt Lake City, 20 July 1850. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Dictionary of American Biography. 10 vols. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1927.

Dillon, Richard. Fool’s Gold: The Decline and Fall of Captain John Sutter of California. Santa Cruz, Calif.: Western Tanager Press, 1967.

Drake, J. Raman. “Howard Egan, Frontiersman, Pioneer and Pony Express Rider.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1956.

Dredge, Paul, “Dispute Settlement in the Mormon Community: The Operation of Ecclesiastical Courts in Utah,” Access to Justice v. 4. Milan: A. Giuffrè, 1979.

Dunn, Barbara E. “William Little Lee and Catherine Lee, Letter from Hawai‘i, 1848–1855.” Hawaiian Journal of History 38 (2004): 59–88.

Egan, Howard. Journal, 1849. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

Egan, William M., ed. Pioneering the West, 1846 to 1878: Major Howard Egan’s Diary; Also Thrilling Experiences of Pre-Frontier Life among Indians; Their Traits, Civil and Savage, and Part of Autobiography, Inter-related to His Father’s. Richmond, UT: Howard R. Egan Estate, 1917. The original Egan diaries are located at the Beinecke Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Ekins, Roger Robin. Defending Zion: George Q. Cannon and the California Mormon Newspaper Wars of 1856–1857. Kingdom in the West: The Mormons and the American Frontier 5. Spokane, WA: Arthur H. Clark, 2002.

Elliot, Norma Larson. A Biographical Sketch of Jefferson Hunt. N..p.: Karen LaDuke, 1983.

Ellsworth, Maria S. “The First Mormon Missionary Women in the Pacific, 1850–1852.” In Voyages of Faith: Explorations in Mormon Pacific History, edited by Grant Underwood, 33–47. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 2000.

Ellsworth, S. George, ed. The History of Louisa Barnes Pratt, Being the Autobiography of a Mormon Missionary Widow and Pioneer; a New England Youth, at Nauvoo and Salt Lake City, Mission to the Society Islands, Mormon Life in California, Pioneering in Beaver, Utah. Life Writings of Frontier Women 3. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1998. Pratt’s autobiography and journal were previously published in two Daughters of Utah Pioneers publications: “Journal of Louisa Barnes Pratt,” in Carter, Heart Throbs of the West 8 (1947): 189–400, and Louisa Barnes Pratt, Mormondom’s First Woman Missionary, Louisa Barnes Pratt: Life Story and Travels Told in Her Own Words, ed. Kate B. Carter ([UT]: Nettie Hunt Rencher, n.d.). The original Pratt autobiography and journal used in compiling these histories are located in the CHL.

———, ed. The Journals of Addison Pratt: Being a Narrative of Yankee Whaling in the Eighteen Twenties, a Mormon Mission to the Society Islands, and of Early California and Utah in the Eighteen Forties and Fifties. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1990. The original Pratt autobiography and journals used in compiling this history are located in the CHL.

Ellsworth, S. George, and Kathleen C. Perrin. Seasons of Faith and Courage: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in French Polynesia, a Sesquicentennial History, 1843–1993. Sandy, UT: Yves R. Perrin, 1994.

Embry, Jessie L. “Without Purse or Scrip.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 29 (Fall 1996): 77–93.

Encyclopedia of Latter-day Saint History. Edited by Arnold K. Garr, Donald Q. Cannon, and Richard O. Cowan. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2000.

Encyclopedia of Mormonism: The History, Scripture, Doctrine, and Procedure of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Edited by Daniel H. Ludlow. 5 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1992.

England, Breck. The Life and Thought of Orson Pratt. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1985.

England, Eugene. Brigham’s Gospel Kingdom. BYU Studies 18:3 (Spring 1978).

Englehardt, Fr. Zephyrin. Mission San Juan Bautista: A School of Church Music. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Mission Santa Barbara, 1931.

———. Mission Santa Ines, Virgen Y Martir and its Ecclesiastical Seminary Santa Barbara: Mission Santa Barbara, 1932.

———. San Antonio de Padua: The Mission in the Sierras. Santa Barbara: Mission Santa Barbara. Reprint, Ramona, Calif.: Ballena Press, 1972.

———. The Missions and Missionaries of California, 4 v. San Francisco: The James H. Barry Company, 1912.

Esshom, Frank. Pioneers and Prominent Men of Utah, Comprising Photographs—Genealogies—Biographies. Salt Lake City: Utah Pioneers Book, 1913.

Étoile du Déséret; Organe de l’Église de Jésus-Christ des Saints-des-Derniers-Jours (Paris).

Evans, Beatrice Cannon and Janath Russell Cannon, eds.Cannon Family Historical Treasury N.p.: George Cannon Family Association, 1967.

Evans, John Henry. Charles Coulson Rich: Pioneer Builder of the West. New York: Macmillan, 1936.

Evans, John Henry, and Minnie Egan Anderson. Ezra T. Benson: Pioneer—Statesman—Saint. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1947.

Everett, Amelia D. “The Ship Brooklyn.” California Historical Society Quarterly 37 (Sept. 1958): 229–40.

The Dictionary of National Biography: The Concise Dictionary. 2 vols. Reprint, London: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Fairbanks, Lorenzo Sayles. Genealogy of the Fairbanks Family in America, 1633–1897. Boston: American Printing and Engraving, 1897. Reprint, Orem, UT: Carl Rogers and Stephen Crabtree, 1971.

Farrer, William. Correspondence, 1851–60, typescript. CHL.

———. Diaries, 1849–54. William Farrer Collection. BYU. A typescript copy is also available in the CHL. Portions of the diary dealing with his travels to California in 1849, which are nearly identical to Cannon’s journal for the same period, have been published in Journals of Forty-Niners: Salt Lake to Los Angeles, With Diaries and Contemporary Records of Sheldon Young, James S. Brown, Jacob Y. Stover, Charles C. Rich, Addison Pratt, Howard Egan, Henry W. Bigler, and Others, ed. LeRoy R. Hafen and Ann W. Hafen (Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark, 1954), 193–218.

———. Letter to John H. Tibbets and Hiram B. Clawson, Nov. 26, 1855. In Biographical sketch, typescript. William Farrer Collection. BYU.

Fielding, Robert Kent. The Unsolicited Chronicler: An Account of the Gunnison Massacre, Its Causes and Consequences, Utah Territory, 1847–1859. Brookline, MA: Paradigm Publications, 1993.

Firmage, Edwin Brown, and Richard Collin Mangrum. Zion in the Courts: A Legal History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830–1900. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

First Presidency General Administration Files. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Flake, Chad J., and Larry W. Draper. A Mormon Bibliography, 1830–1930: Books, Pamphlets, Periodicals, and Broadsides Relating to the First Century of Mormonism. 2d ed. 2 vols. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2004.

Flake, Lawrence R. “George Q. Cannon: His Missionary Years.” Ph.D. diss. Brigham Young University, 1970.

Flake, Lawrence R. George Q. Cannon: His Missionary Years. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1998. This is a published version of his 1970 Doctor of Religious Education dissertation (Brigham Young University) of the same name.

Flanders, Robert Bruce. Nauvoo: Kingdom on the Mississippi. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1965.

Flake, S. Eugene, comp. James Madison Flake, Nov. 8, 1859, Feb. 4, 1946: Pioneer, Leader, Missionary. Bountiful, Utah: Wasatch Press, 1970.

Fleek, Sherman L. History May Be Searched in Vain: A Military History of the Mormon Battalion. Spokane, WA: Arthur H. Clark, 2006.

Floyd, Elizabeth Clark Ardery. “Biography of Hiram Clark, 1795–1853, L.D.S. Seventy, High Priest, Missionary,” typescript. CHL.

Friend (Honolulu).

Frontier Guardian (Kanesville, Iowa) 1, no. 24, 26 Dec. 1849. Microfilm, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Furniss, Norman F. The Mormon Conflict, 1850–1859. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1960.

Gardner, Hamilton. Pioneer Military Leaders of Utah. Salt Lake City, 1952.

Gates, Susa Young, and Leah D. Widtsoe. The Life Story of Brigham Young. New York: Macmillan, 1930.

Gay, Theresa. James W. Marshall, the Discoverer of California Gold: A Biography. Georgetown, Calif.: The Talisman Press, 1967.

Geiger, Maynard J., trans. and ed. Palóu’s Life of Fray Jun’pero Serra. Richmond, Va.: Academy of American Franciscan History, 1955.

General Church Minutes Collection. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Gernsheim, Helmut, and Alison Gernsheim. L. J. M. Daguerre (1787–1851): The World’s First Photographer. Cleveland: World, 1956.

Gibbons, Francis M. John Taylor: Mormon Philosopher, Prophet of God. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1985.

———. Joseph F. Smith: Patriarch and Preacher, Prophet of God. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1984.

Gibbons, Francis Marion. Brigham Young, Modern Moses, Prophet of God. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1981.

———. John Taylor, Mormon Philosopher, Prophet of God. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1985.

———. Lorenzo Snow, Spiritual Giant. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1982.

Giffen, Helen S., ed. The Diaries of Peter Decker: Overland to California in 1849 and Life in the Mines, 1850–1851. Georgetown, CA: Talisman, 1966. The original Decker diaries are located in the Collection of the Society of California Pioneers, San Francisco, CA.

Givens, Terryl L. By the Hand of Mormon: The American Scripture That Launched a New World Religion. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Givens, Terryl L., and Matthew J. Grow. Parley P. Pratt: The Apostle Paul of Mormonism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Green, Ephraim. Diary, 1852–56. BYU. A typescript copy is also available in the CHL.

Green, Jonathan S. Letter to Dwight Baldwin, Feb. 4, 1852. Jonathan S. Green Missionary Letters Collection. Hawaiian Mission Children’s Society Library, Honolulu, HI.

Greer, Richard A. “Honolulu in 1847.” Hawaiian Journal of History 4 (1970): 59–95.

———. “Oahu’s Ordeal—The Smallpox Epidemic of 1853.” Hawaii Historical Review 1 (July 1965): 221–42.

Grimshaw, Patricia. “New England Missionary Wives, Hawaiian Women, and ‘The Cult of True Womanhood.’” Hawaiian Journal of History 19 (1985): 71–100.

———. Paths of Duty: American Missionary Wives in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989.

Griswold del Castillo, Richard. The Los Angeles Barrio, 1850–1890: A Social History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979.

Gudde, Edwin G., comp. Bigler’s Chronicle of the West: The Conquest of California, Discovery of Gold, and Mormon Settlement as Reflected in Henry William Bigler’s Diaries. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1962.

———. California Gold Camps: A Geographical and Historical Dictionary of Camps, Towns, and Localities Where Gold Was Found and Mined; Wayside Stations and Trading Centers. Edited by Elisabeth K. Gudde. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.

Gudde, Edwin G. 1000 California Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1969.

Gunn, Stanley R. Oliver Cowdery: Second Elder and Scribe. Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1962.

Gunnison, J. W. The Mormons, or, Latter-day Saints, in the Valley of the Great Salt Lake: A History of the Rise and Progress, Peculiar Doctrines, Present Condition, and Prospects, Derived from Personal Observation, during a Residence among Them. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo, 1852.

Haddock, Edith Parker, and Dorothy Hardy Matthews, comps. History of Bear Lake Pioneers. Bear Lake County, ID: Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1968.

Hafen, LeRoy R., ed. Letters of Lewis Granger: Reports of the Journey from Salt Lake to Los Angeles in 1849, and of Conditions in Southern California in the Early Fifties. Los Angeles: Glen Dawson, 1959.

Hafen, LeRoy R., and Ann W. Hafen. The Far West and Rockies: General Analytical Index to the Fifteen Volume Series and Supplement to the Journals of the Forty-Niners, Salt Lake to Los Angeles. Vol 16. Far West and Rockies Series. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1961.

———. Handcarts to Zion: The Story of a Unique Western Migration, 1856–1860. Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark, 1960.

———. Journals of Forty-Niners, Salt Lake to Los Angeles: With Diaries and Contemporary Records of Sheldon Young, James S. Brown, Jacob Y. Stover, Charles C. Rich, Addison Pratt, Howard Egan, Henry W. Bigler and Others. Vol. 2 Far West and Rockies Series. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1954.

———. Old Spanish Trail, Santa Fe to Los Angeles: With Extracts form Contemporary Records and Including Diaries of Antonio Armijo and Orville Pratt. Vol. 1. Far West and Rockies Series. Glendale, Calif.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1954.

Hale, Aroet Lucious. “Diary of Aroet Lucious Hale,” typescript. BYU.

Hammond, Francis Asbury, Jr. Diary, Feb.–Apr. 1876. CHL.

Hammond, Francis Asbury, Sr. Journals, 1852–57, 1864–67, 1883–93. CHL. The term “Hammond journal” used in footnotes and the Biographical Register refers to these journals, not the Mary Jane Hammond journal.

———. Journals, 1884–1900. Francis A. Hammond Papers. BYU.

———. “My Introduction to Mormonism.” Juvenile Instructor 29 (June 1, 15, July 1, Aug. 1, 15, 1894): 353–55, 364–69, 395–98, 463–64, 517–21).

Hammond, Mary Jane. Journal, 1853–55. Francis A. Hammond Papers. BYU.

Hansen, Lorin K. “Voyage of the Brooklyn.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 21 (Autumn 1988): 47–72.

Harker, Joseph. Reminiscences and Journal, 1855–1895, typescript, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Harlow, Neal. California Conquered: War and Peace on the Pacific, 1846–1850. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982.

Hartshorn, Leon R. “Philip De La Mare, Industrialist for the Saints.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1959.

Harvey, Richard C. “The Development of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Hawaii.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1974.

Haslam, Matthew J. John Taylor: Messenger of Salvation. American Fork, UT: Covenant Communications, 2002.

Hawaiian Honolulu Mission. General Minutes. CHL. Portions of the minutes for the meetings held during the first week of April 1852 at ‘Iao Valley, Wailuku, Maui, were published in “Foreign Correspondence,” Deseret News, Nov. 27, 1852.

———. Manuscript History and Historical Reports. CHL.

Hawaiian Journal of History 16 (1982): 48–64.

Hawaiian Mission Manuscript History. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Hawkes, John Douglas. “A History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Australia to 1900.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1965.

Hawks, Francis L. “The Late John L. Stephens.” Putnam’s Monthly Magazine of American Literature, Science and Art 1 (January 1853): 64–68.

Heath, Steven H. “Jefferson Hunt, Bad Judgment, the 49ers and the Mormon Battalion,” Pioneer (Summer, 1995).

Hefner, Loretta L. “Amasa Mason Lyman, the Spiritualist.” Journal of Mormon History 6 (1979): 75–87.

Historian’s Office. Journal. CHL.

History of the Church, 1839–[1882]. CHL.

History of Tooele County. Salt Lake City: Tooele County Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1961.

Holliday, J. S. The World Rushed In: The California Gold Rush Experience. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1983.

Holzapfel, Richard Neitzel, and R. Q. Shupe. Brigham Young: Images of a Mormon Prophet. Salt Lake City: Eagle Gate; Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 2000.

———. Joseph F. Smith: Portrait of a Prophet. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2000.

Hoover, Mildred Brooke, et al. Historic Spots in California. Revised Douglas E. Kyle. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1990.

Hoover, Vincent A. Journals. Henry E. Huntington Library, San Marino, California

Horner, John M. “Adventures of a Pioneer.” Improvement Era 7 (May–Sept. 1904): 510–15, 571–75, 665–72, 767–72, 849–54.

Hughes, Delila Gardner. The Life of Archibald Gardner. West Jordan, UT: Archibald Gardner Family Genealogical Association, 1939.

Hunt, T. Dwight. The Past and Present of the Sandwich Islands; Being a Series of Lectures, to the First Congregational Church, San Francisco. San Francisco: Whitton, Towne, 1853.

Hyde, Myrtle Stevens. Orson Hyde: The Olive Branch of Israel. Salt Lake City: Agreka Books, 2000.

Iverson, Eva C. Mission San Miguel Archangel. San Miguel, Calif.: Franciscan Padres, n.d.

Jackson, Kent P., ed. Manuscript Found: The Complete Original “Spaulding Manuscript” by Solomon Spaulding. Religious Studies Center Specialized Monograph Series 11. Provo, UT: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1996.

Jacobs, L. R. Mormon Non-English Scriptures, Hymnals, & Periodicals, 1830–1986: A Descriptive Bibliography. 4th ed. Salt Lake City, 1994.

Jensen, J. Marinus. History of Provo, Utah. N.p.: The Author, 1914.

Jensen, Richard L. “Without Purse or Scrip? Financing Latter-day Saint Missionary Work in Europe in the Nineteenth Century.” Journal of Mormon History 12 (1985): 3–14.

Jenson, Andrew. Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1941.

———. History of the Scandinavian Mission. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1927.

———. Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia: A Compilation of Biographical Sketches of Prominent Men and Women in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 4 vols. Salt Lake City: Andrew Jenson History, 1901, 1914, 1920; Andrew Jenson Memorial Association, 1936.

Jessee, Dean C., ed. Letters of Brigham Young to His Sons. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1974.

Jessee, Dean C., Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman, eds. The Joseph Smith Papers. 8 vols. Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2008–.

Joesting, Edward. Kauai: The Separate Kingdom. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press / Kauai Museum Association, 1987.

Johnson, Benjamin Franklin. Diaries, 1852–85, 1890–91. Benjamin F. Johnson Papers. CHL.

———. My Life’s Review. Independence, MO: Zion’s Printing and Publishing, 1947. The original manuscript used in compiling this history is located in the Benjamin F. Johnson Papers, CHL.

———. Why the “Latter-day Saints” Marry a Plurality of Wives: A Glance at Scripture and Reason, in Answer to an Attack through the Polynesian, upon the Saints for Polygamy. San Francisco: Excelsior Printing Office, 1854.

Johnson, Don Carlos. A Brief History of Springville, Utah, from Its First Settlement, September 18, 1850, to the 18th Day of September, 1900, Fifty Years. Springville, UT: William F. Gibson, 1900.

Johnson, Jeffery Ogden. “On the Edge: Mormonism’s Single Men.” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 16 (Autumn 1983): 48–58.

Jolley, Marcia A. “History of Pioneers John Christopher Armstrong and Mary Kirkbride Armstrong,” 1940, typescript. CHL.

Journal History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. CHL.

Journal of Discourses. 26 vols. Liverpool: F. D. Richards, etc., 1854–86.

Judd, Mary G. Jedediah M. Grant: Pioneer-Statesman. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1959.

Ka Buke a Moramona. San Francisco: Paiia E Geogi Q. Pukuniahi, 1855.

Ka Elele Hawaii (Honolulu).

Kagin, Donald H. Private Gold Coins and Patterns of the United States. New York: Arco Publishing, 1981.

Kahului Hawaii Stake. Stewards of the Promise: The Heritage of the Latter-day Saints on the Hawaiian Islands of Maui, Molokai, and Lanai. 1995.

Kanehoa, James Young. Letter to Keoni Ana [John Young], Dec. 21, 1850. Department of the Interior, Miscellaneous, Box 144. Hawaii State Archives, Honolulu, HI. Typescript available in the Collected Papers Concerning Mormonism in Hawaii Collection, CHL.

Kanesville (IA) Frontier Guardian.

Karren, Thomas. Journals, 1853–54, microfilm of MS. CHL.

Keeler, James. Journals, 1850–1859. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

———, 1850–59, 1876–90. CHL.

Kenney, Scott G. “Mormons and the Smallpox Epidemic of 1853.” Hawaiian Journal of History 31 (1997): 1–26.

Kimball, Edward L. “Confession in LDS Doctrine and Practice.” BYU Studies 36, no. 2 (1996–97): 7–73.

Kimball, Stanley B. Heber C. Kimball: Mormon Patriarch and Pioneer. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1981.

King, Pauline, ed. The Diaries of David Lawrence Gregg: An American Diplomat in Hawaii, 1853–1858. Honolulu: Hawaiian Historical Society, 1982.

Kirby, Dale Z. History of Hyde Park in Utah’s Cache Valley, 1860–1990. Salem, OR: Printed by author, 1997.

Knowles, Eleanor. Deseret Book Company: 125 Years of Inspiration, Information, and Ideas. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1991.

Koenig, George. Beyond This Place There Be Dragons. Glendale, Calif.: The Arthur H. Clark Co., 1984.

Krauss, Beatrice H. Plants in Hawaiian Culture. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1993.

Krell, Dorothy, ed. The California Missions: A Pictorial History. Menlo Park, Calif.: Sunset Publishing, 1979.

Kuykendall, Ralph S. The Hawaiian Kingdom. 3 vols. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1957–67.

Kuykendall, Ralph S., and A. Grove Day. Hawaii: A History, From Polynesian Kingdom to American State. Rev. ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1961.

Lahainaluna and Hale Pa‘i. Edited by Lahaina Restoration Foundation. 1970. Reprint, Lahaina, HI: Lahaina Restoration Foundation, 1992.

Lahaina Restoration Foundation, ed. Story of Lahaina. Lahaina: Lahaina Restoration Foundation, 1961.

Lambert, Charles. Autobiography, ca. 1885, typescript. CHL.

———. Autobiography. Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.

———. Reminiscences and diaries, 1844–81. CHL.

Lambert, George Cannon. Autobiography, ca. 1869–1915, typescript. CHL. This item has been published as “Journal of George Cannon Lambert,” in Carter, Heart Throbs of the West, 9:269–384.

———. Diaries, 1866–1912. CHL.

———. “My Mother.” In Treasures in Heaven, 65–88, Faith Promoting Series 15. Salt Lake City: George C. Lambert, 1914.

Landon, Michael N., ed. To California in ’49. The Journals of George Q. Cannon 1. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1999.

Larson, Andrew Karl. Erastus Snow: The Life of a Missionary and Pioneer for the Early Mormon Church. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1971.

Larson, Carl V., ed. A Database of the Mormon Battalion: An Identification of the Original Members of the Mormon Battalion. 2d ed. Salt Lake City: U.S. Mormon Battalion, 1997.

Larson, Gustive O. “The Story of the Perpetual Emigration Fund.” Mississippi Valley Historical Review 18 (Sept. 1931): 184–94. A more extensive study by Larson of the subject is his master’s thesis, “History of the Perpetual Emigrating Fund Company” (University of Utah, 1926).

———. “Walkara, Ute Chief.” In The Mountain Men and the Fur Trade of the Far West: Biographical Sketches of the Participants by Scholars of the Subject and with Introductions by the Editor, edited by LeRoy R. Hafen, 2:339–50. Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark, 1965.

Las Vegas Mission Record Book, 1855 Apr.-1857 Mar. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Latta, Frank F. Death Valley ’49ers. Santa Cruz, Calif.: Bear State Books, 1979.

LeBaron, E. Dale. Benjamin Franklin Johnson: Friend to the Prophets. Provo, UT: Benjamin F. Johnson Family Organization, 1997. This is a revision of his master’s thesis, “Benjamin Franklin Johnson: Colonizer, Public Servant, and Church Leader” (Brigham Young University, 1966).

Leonard, Glen M. “The Mormon Boundary Question in the 1849–1850 Statehood Debates.” Journal of Mormon History 18 (Spring 1992): 114–36.

Leone, Mark P. Roots of Modern Mormonism. Cambridge: Harvard University press, 1979.

Lewis, K. Howard, comp. The Thomas Karren Family: A Record of the Descendants and Ancestry of Thomas Karren and Related Families. Sacramento: Spilman Printing, 1976.

Lewis, Philip Beesom, et al., to King Kamehameha III, Apr. 5, 1853. Incoming Letters of the Board of Education, Numbered 1–14, Series 261, General Correspondence, Doc. No. 2, Box No. 261–1–1. Hawaii State Archives, Honolulu, HI. Photocopy available in the Collected Papers Concerning Mormonism in Hawaii Collection, 1846–91, CHL.

Lewis, Philip Beesom. Journal, 1851–55. Special Collections, Joseph F. Smith Library, Brigham Young University—Hawaii, Laie, HI. Photocopy and typescript also available in the CHL.

———. Letter to John Young, Oct. 6, 1851. Department of the Interior. Miscellaneous, Box 144. Hawaii State Archives, Honolulu, HI. Photocopy available in the Collected Papers Concerning Mormonism in Hawaii Collection, 1846–91, CHL.

Lingenfelter, Richard E. Death Valley & The Amargosa: A Land of Illusion. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Lives of Our Leaders: Character Sketches of Living Presidents and Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: Deseret News Publishing Co., 1901.

Lloyd’s Register of British and Foreign Shipping, from 1st July, 1850, to the 31st June, 1851. London: J & H Cox Bros., 1850.

Lorton, William B. Journals. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

———. Over the Salt Lake Trail in the Fall of ’49. Intro., John B. Goodman III. Los Angeles, 1957.

Lotchin, Roger W. San Francisco, 1846–1856: From Hamlet to City. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1974.

Loveland, Jerry K. “Hagoth and the Polynesian Tradition.” Brigham Young University Studies 17 (Autumn 1976): 59–73.

Low, Charles P. Some Recollections by Captain Charles P. Low: Commanding the Clipper Ships “Houqua,” “Jacob Bell,” “Samuel Russell,” and “N. B. Palmer,” in the China Trade, 1847–1873. Boston: George H. Ellis, 1906.

Ludlow, Daniel H. Encyclopedia of Mormonism. 4 vols. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1992.

Lydecker, Robert C., comp. Roster Legislatures of Hawaii, 1841–1918, Constitutions of Monarchy and Republic, Speeches of Sovereigns and President. Archives of Hawaii Publication 1. Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette, Board of Commissioners of Public Archives, 1918.

Lyman, Amasa. Papers. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Lyman, Edward Leo. Amasa Mason Lyman, Mormon Apostle and Apostate: A Study in Dedication. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2009.

———. The Overland Journey from Utah to California: Wagon Travel from the City of the Saints to the City of Angels. Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2004.

———. San Bernardino: The Rise and Fall of a California Community. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996.

Lyman, Edward Leo, Susan Ward Payne, and S. George Ellsworth, eds. No Place to Call Home: The 1807–1857 Life Writings of Caroline Barnes Crosby. Logan: Utah State University Press, 2005.

MacKinnon, William P., ed. At Sword’s Point, Part 1: A Documentary History of the Utah War to 1858. Norman, OK: Arthur H. Clark, 2008.

MacLennan, Carol A. “Foundations of Sugar’s Power: Early Maui Plantations, 1840–1860.” Hawaiian Journal of History 29 (1995): 33–56.

MacNeil, Heather. Without Consent: The Ethics of Disclosing Personal Information in Public Archives. Metuchen, N.J.: Society of American Archives and the Scarecrow Press, 1992.

Madsen, Brigham. Gold Rush Sojourners in Great Salt Lake City, 1849–1850. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1983.

Madsen, Steven K. “Retracing the Spanish Trail: Across the Great Basin in Utah,” Spanish Traces 3:1 (Spring 1997).

———. “Retracing the Spanish Trail: Across the Mojave Desert of Arizona & Nevada,” Spanish Traces 4:2 (Fall 1997).

Magrath and District History Association. Irrigation Builders. Lethbridge, Alberta: Southern Printing, 1974.

Malo, David. Hawaiian Antiquities (Moolelo Hawaii). Translated by N. B. Emerson. Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette, 1903.

Manley, Lewis William. Death Valley in ’49, Important Chapter of California Pioneer History. The Autobiography of a Pioneer, Detailing His Life from a Humble Home in the Green Mountains to the Gold Mines of California; and Particularly Reciting the Sufferings of the Band of Men, Women and Children Who Gave “Death Valley” Its Name. San Jose, Calif.: The Pacific Tree and Vine Co., 1894.

The “Manuscript Found”: Manuscript Story, by Rev. Solomon Spaulding. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1886.

Map of Oregon and Upper California, from the Surveys of John Charles Frémont and Other Authorities. Washington, D.C. : Senate, 1848.

Maui Historical Society. Lahaina Historical Guide, Describing the Landmarks of Its Days as Playground of the Alii, Capital of the Hawaiian Kingdom, Anchorage of the Pacific Whaling Fleet, Producer of Sugar and Pineapple. 3rd ed. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle, 1971.

McConkie, Bruce R. A New Witness for the Articles of Faith. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1985.

McCue, Robert J. “Did the Word of Wisdom Become a Commandment in 1851?” Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 14 (Autumn 1981): 66–77.

McGee, M. Patrick. “A Preliminary History of the Irish in Utah Territory through 1879.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1992.

McKenzie, Thomas. Journal, 1848–49. CHL.

McLaws, Monte Burr. Spokesman for the Kingdom: Early Mormon Journalism and the Deseret News, 1830–1898. Studies in Mormon History 2. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1977.

Memorial and Biographical History of the Counties of Fresno, Tulare, and Kern, California. Chicago: The Lewis Publishing Co., 1891.

Menefee, Eugene L. and Fred A. Dodge. History of Tulare and Kings Counties, California v. 1. Los Angeles: Historic Record Co., 1917.

Mercer, Mildred A., Virginia H. Alsop, and Mary Helen Parsons, ed. History of Tooele County. Salt Lake City: Tooele County Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1961.

Michener, James A. Hawaii. New York: Random House, 1959.

Miles, Lillian E. “Early Chino,” San Bernardino County Museum Commemorative Edition: America’s Largest County. Redlands, Calif.: Allen-Greendale Publishers, 1974.

Milikien, Herbert C. “‘Dead of the Bloody Flux’: Cholera Stalks the Emigrant Trail.” Overland Journal 14 (Autumn 1996): 4–11.

Millennial Star (Liverpool, England).

Mills, Peter R. Hawai‘i’s Russian Adventure. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i Press, 2002.

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———. The State of Deseret. Logan: Utah State University Press / Utah State Historical Society, 1987. Reprinted from Utah Historical Quarterly 8 (Apr., July, Oct. 1940): 65–239.

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———. Journal, 1851–60, 1872, photocopy of MS. CHL.

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———. Journal, ca. 1830–59. CHL.

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———. Hero or Traitor: A Biographical Study of Charles Wesley Wandell. Independence, MO: Independence, 1992.

———. Southern Cross Saints: The Mormons in Australia. Mormons in the Pacific 2. Laie, HI: Institute for Polynesian Studies, 1991. This is a revision of her master’s thesis, “Southern Cross Saints: The Mormon Church in Australia” (University of Sydney, 1986).

Nibley, Preston. Brigham Young, the Man and His Work. Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press, 1936.

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Orton, Chad M., and William W. Slaughter. 40 Ways to Look at Brigham Young: A New Approach to a Remarkable Man. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2008.

———. Joseph Smith’s America: His Life and Times. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2005.

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———, ed. John Sutter and a Wider West. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994.

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Palmer, A. Delbert, and Mark L. Grover. “Hoping to Establish a Presence: Parley P. Pratt’s 1851 Mission to Chile.” BYU Studies 38, no. 4 (1999): 115–38.

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Park, Clara Horne. Joseph Horne, Pioneer of 1847. Salt Lake City: Family Organization of Joseph Horne, 1961.

Parrish, Alan K. “Beginnings of the Millennial Star: Journal of the Mission to Great Britain.” In Regional Studies in Latter-day Saint Church History: British Isles, edited by Donald Q. Cannon, 133–49. Provo, UT: Department of Church History and Doctrine, Brigham Young University, 1990.

Parsons, George Frederic. The Life and Adventures of James W. Marshall, the Discoverer of Gold in California. Sacramento: James W. Marshall and W. Burke, 1870.

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Patton, Annaleone D. California Mormons by Sail and Trail. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1961.

Paul, Rodman. The California Gold Discovery: Source Documents, Accounts and Memoirs Relating to the Discovery of Gold at Sutter’s Mill. Georgetown, Calif.: The Talisman Press, 1967.

———. California Gold: The Beginning of Mining in the Far West. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1947.

Perkins, George E. Pioneers of the Western Desert. Los Angeles: Wetzel Publishing Co., Inc., 1947.

Peterson, Charles S. “Jacob Hamblin, Apostle to the Lamanites, and the Indian Mission,” Journal of Mormon History 2 (1975): 31.

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Peterson, John Alton. “The Life of Thomas Karren.” Paper written for History 397, Brigham Young University, Salt Lake Center, 1982. Typescript.

Peterson, Paul H. “An Historical Analysis of the Word of Wisdom.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1972.

———. The Mormon Reformation. Provo, UT: Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter-day Saint History, 2002. Reprint of his PhD dissertation, “The Mormon Reformation” (Brigham Young University, 1981).

Peterson, Paul H., and Ronald W. Walker. “Brigham Young’s Word of Wisdom Legacy.” BYU Studies 42, nos. 3, 4 (2003): 29–64.

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———. Deseret Almanac, for the Year of Our Lord 1852: Being Leap Year, and after the 6th of April, the 23rd Year of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; and the Second of the Last Half Century of This Dispensation. Salt Lake City: W. Richards, 1852.

Phillips, Clifton Jackson. Protestant America and the Pagan World: The First Half Century of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, 1810–1860. Harvard East Asian Monographs 32. Cambridge, MA: East Asian Research Center, Harvard University, 1969.

Pierce, Richard A. Georg Anton Schäffer, Russia’s Man in Hawaii, 1815–1817. Kingston, Ontario: Limestone, 1976. Reprinted from Pacific Historical Review 32 (Nov. 1963): 397–405.

———. Russia’s Hawaiian Adventure, 1815–1817. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1965.

Pioneer Women of Faith and Fortitude. 4 vols. Salt Lake City: International Society Daughters of Utah Pioneers, 1998.

Poll, Richard Douglas, et al., eds. Utah’s History. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1978.

Poll, Richard Douglas. “The Mormon Question, 1850–1865: A Study in Politics and Public Opinion.” PhD diss., University of California, 1948.

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Pope, Willis T. Manual of Wayside Plants of Hawaii. Rutland, VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1968.

Poulsen, Larry N. “The Life and Contributions of Newel Kimball Whitney.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 1966.

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Powers, Ramon, and Gene Younger. “Cholera on the Overland Trails, 1832–1869.” Kansas Quarterly 5 (Spring 1973): 32–49.

Pratt, Addison. Journals. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Pratt, Orson. Divine Authority, or the Question, Was Joseph Smith Sent of God? Liverpool: R. James, 1848. Wilford Woodruff reprinted this pamphlet as Was Joseph Smith Sent of God? Written by Orson Pratt: One of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, in Liverpool, England, 1848, likely at Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1849.

———. The Essential Orson Pratt. Foreword by David J. Whittaker. Classics in Mormon Thought 2. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1991.

———. A[n] Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions, and of the Late Discovery of Ancient American Records. Edinburgh: Ballantyne and Hughes, 1840.

———. Remarkable Visions. Liverpool: R. James, 1848. This is a revised edition of his A[n] Interesting Account of Several Remarkable Visions, and of the Late Discovery of Ancient American Records.

———. A Series of Pamphlets, by Orson Pratt, One of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, with Portrait. To Which is Appended a Discussion Held in Bolton, between Elder William Gibson, President of the Saints in the Manchester Conference, and the Rev. Mr. Woodman. Also a Discussion Held in France between Elder John Taylor, One of the Twelve Apostles, and Three Reverend Gentlemen of Different Orders, Containing a Facsimile of Writings Engraved on Six Metallic Plates, Taken out of an Ancient Mound in the State of Illinois, in the Year 1843. Liverpool: R. James, 1851. A facsimile edition of this volume has been published as Orson Pratt, Orson Pratt’s Works, Important Works in Mormon History 2 (Orem, UT: Grandin Book, 1990).

Pratt, Parley Parker. The Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt, One of the Twelve Apostles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: Embracing His Life, Ministry and Travels, with Extracts, in Prose and Verse, from His Miscellaneous Writings. New York: Russell Brothers, 1874. In addition to numerous reprints, this volume has also been published as The Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt, ed. Scot Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Proctor, rev. ed. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2000).

———. Collection, ca. 1835–96. CHL.

———. The Essential Parley P. Pratt. Foreword by Peter L. Crawley. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1990.

———. Letter to Henry Richards and the Brethren of the Island Mission, June 23, 1854. Henry Phinehas Richards, Papers, 1854–1900. CHL.

———. Repent! Ye People of California: For, Know Assuredly, the Kingdom of God, Has Come Nigh unto You. San Francisco, 1854.

———. A Voice of Warning and Instruction to All People, Containing a Declaration of the Faith and Doctrine of the Church of the Latter-Day Saints, Commonly Called Mormons. New York: W. Sandford, 1837. Several editions were published in both the United States and Great Britain prior to George Q. Cannon’s return from his mission in 1854.

Preston, Richard. “America’s Egypt: John Lloyd Stephens and the Discovery of the Maya.” Princeton University Library Chronicle 53, no. 3 (1992): 243–63.

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Proctor, Scot Facer, and Maurine Jensen Proctor. Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2000.

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Pukui, Mary Kawena, and Samuel H. Elbert. Hawaiian Dictionary: Hawaiian–English, English–Hawaiian. Rev. ed. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986.

Pukui, Mary Kawena, Samuel H. Elbert, and Esther T. Mookini. Place Names of Hawaii. Rev. ed. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1986.

Pusey, Merlo J. Builders of the Kingdom: George A. Smith, John Henry Smith, George Albert Smith. Studies in Western History and Culture 1. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1981.

Record of Members Index, ca. 1960. CHL.

Reeder, Ray M. “The Mormon Trail: A History of the Salt Lake to Los Angeles Route to 1869,” Ph.D. diss., Brigham Young University, 1966.

Report of the Minister of the Interior, for the Nine Months Ending December 31st, 1852. Honolulu, 1853.

Rhodehamel, Josephine DeWitt, and Raymund Francis Wood. Ina Coolbrith: Librarian and Laureate of California. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1973.

Rich, Charles Coulson. Diaries. Charles Coulson Rich, Collection, 1832–1908. CHL.

———. Papers. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Historical Department, Archives Division.

Richards, Henry Phinehas. Diaries. Henry Phinehas Richards, Papers, 1854–1900. CHL.

Richardson, Brian W. Longitude and Empire: How Captain Cook’s Voyages Changed the World. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2005.

Richins, Fannie J., and Maxine R. Wright, comps. Henefer: Our Valley Home. Salt Lake City: Utah Printing, ca. 1958.

Ricketts, Norma Baldwin. Mormons and the Discovery of Gold. Mesa, Ariz.: Odyssey Press, 1998.

Ricketts, Norma Baldwin. The Mormon Battalion: U.S. Army of the West, 1846–1848. Logan, Utah: Utah State University Press, 1996.

Ricks, Stephen D. “Joseph Smith’s Means and Methods of Translating the Book of Mormon.” Preliminary Report. Provo, UT: Foundation for Ancient Research and Mormon Studies, [1986].

Riesenberg, Felix, Jr. The Golden Road: The Story of California’s Spanish Mission Trail. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1962.

Roberts, Brigham H.History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 7 vols. 2nd ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1973.

———. The Life of John Taylor, Third President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: George Q. Cannon & Sons, 1892. Reprint, Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1963.

Rogers, Aurelia Spencer. Life Sketches of Orson Spencer and Others, and History of Primary Work. Salt Lake City: George Q. Cannon & Sons, 1898.

Rohrbough, Malcolm J. Days of Gold: The California Gold Rush and the American Nation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

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Romney, Thomas Cottam. The Life of Lorenzo Snow, Fifth President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1955.

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Schmitt, Robert C. Demographic Statistics of Hawaii: 1778–1965. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1968.

———. The Missionary Censuses of Hawaii. Pacific Anthropological Records 20. Honolulu: Department of Anthropology, Bernice P. Bishop Museum, 1973.

Schoofs, Robert. Pioneers of the Faith: History of the Catholic Mission in Hawaii, 1827–1940. Edited by Louis Boeynaems. Revised by Fay Wren Midkiff. Hawaii: Sturgis, 1978.

Second General Epistle of the Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints from the Great Salt Lake Valley to the Saints Scattered Throughout the Earth. Great Salt Lake City, 1849.

Seegmiller, Janet Burton. A History of Iron County: Community above Self. Salt Lake City: Utah State Historical Society / Iron County Commission, 1998.

Sessions, Gene A. Mormon Thunder: A Documentary History of Jedediah Morgan Grant. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.

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Shaffer, Donald Robert. “A Forgotten Missionary: Hiram Clark, Mormon Itinerant, British Emigration Organizer, and First President of the L.D.S. Hawaiian Mission, 1795–1853.” Master’s thesis, California State University Fullerton, 1990.

———. “Hiram Clark and the First LDS Hawaiian Mission: A Reappraisal.” Journal of Mormon History 17 (1991): 94–109.

Shearer, Arthur. “Journal of Mr. Shearer’s Journey from Lake City to California.” Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Sheridan, Sol D. History of Ventura County, California. Chicago: S.J. Publishing Co., 1926.

Shuck, Oscar T. Representative and Leading Men of the Pacific. San Francisco: Bacon, 1870.

Shurtleff, Stella Cahoon, and Brent Farrington Cahoon. Reynolds Cahoon and His Stalwart Sons: Utah Pioneers. N.p.: Stella Cahoon Shurtleff, 1960.

Silverman, Jane L. “Imposition of a Western Judicial System in the Hawaiian Monarchy.”

Sirrine, Emeline Lane. Letter to “Dear Mother and Father,” Apr. 10, 1850, typescript. CHL.

Slaughter, William W., and Michael Landon. Trail of Hope: The Story of the Mormon Trail. Salt Lake City: Shadow Mountain, 1997.

Smart, Donna Toland, ed. Mormon Midwife: The 1846–1888 Diaries of Patty Bartlett Sessions. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1997. The original Sessions diaries used in compiling this volume are housed in the CHL.

Smart, William B., and Donna T. Smart, eds. Over the Rim: The Parley P. Pratt Exploring Expedition to Southern Utah, 1849–1850. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1999.

Smith, Elias. Journals, 1836–88. CHL. A typescript of these journals can be found in Sarah C. Thomas, comp., Elias Smith’s Journal, 3 vols. (n.p.: S.C. Thomas, [1984]).

Smith, Joseph Fielding, comp. Life of Joseph F. Smith, Sixth President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1938.

Smith, Lucy. Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith, the Prophet, and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Liverpool: Orson Pratt, 1853. In 1902 this volume was reprinted in the United States as History of the Prophet Joseph Smith, By His Mother, Lucy Smith, with a new edition of this work being issued as Scot Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Proctor, eds., The Revised and Enhanced History of Joseph Smith by His Mother (Salt Lake: Bookcraft, 1996); also see Lavina Fielding Anderson, ed., Lucy’s Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith’s Family Memoir (Salt Lake City: Signature, 2001).

Smith, Pauline Udall. Captain Jefferson Hunt of the Mormon Battalion. With the assistance of Alison Comish Thorne. Salt Lake City: Nicholas G. Morgan Sr. Foundation, 1958.

Smith, Silas Sanford. Journal, 1854–1906. CHL.

Smoot, Mary Ellen, and Marilyn Sherriff. The City In-Between: History of Centerville, Utah. Bountiful, UT: by the authors, 1975.

Snow, Eliza R. Biography and Family Record of Lorenzo Snow. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1884.

Sonne, Conway B. Knight of the Kingdom: The Story of Richard Ballantyne. 2d ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1989.

———. Ships, Saints, and Mariners: A Maritime Encyclopedia of Mormon Migration, 1830–1890. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1987.

———. World of Wakara. San Antonio, TX: Naylor, 1962.

Sorensen, Parry D. “Nauvoo Times and Seasons,” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 55 (Summer 1962): 117–35.

Soulé, Frank, John H. Gihon, and James Nisbet. The Annals of San Francisco: Containing a Summary of the History of the First Discovery, Settlement, Progress, and Present Condition of California, and a Complete History of All the Important Events Connected with Its Great City: To Which Are Added, Biographical Memoirs of Some Prominent Citizens. New York: D. Appleton, 1855.

Southern & Central California Atlas & Gazetteer. Freeport, Maine: De Lorme Mapping Co., 1990.

Spencer, Clarissa Young, and Mabel Harmer. Brigham Young at Home. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1963.

Spencer, Orson. Letters Exhibiting the Most Prominent Doctrines of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Liverpool: R. James, 1848. Enlargement of his Correspondence between the Rev. W. Crowel, A. M., and O. Spencer, B. A. (Liverpool: R. James, 1847).

Spurrier, Joseph H. Sandwich Islands Saints: Early Mormon Converts in the Hawaiian Islands. Hong Kong: Joseph H. Spurrier, 1989.

Stellman, Louis J. Sam Brannan, Builder of San Francisco. New York: Exposition, 1953.

Stephens, John L. Incidents of Travel in Central America, Chiapas, and Yucatan. 2 vols. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1841.

———. Incidents of Travel in Yucatan. 2 vols. London: John Murray, 1843.

Stephens, Lorenzo Dow. Life Sketches of a Jayhawker of ’49. San Jose, Calif.: Nolta Brothers, 1916.

Sterling, Elspeth P., comp. Sites of Maui. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1998.

Stone, Ann Gardner. “Louisa Barnes Pratt: Missionary Wife, Missionary Mother, Missionary.” In Sister Saints, edited by Vicky Burgess-Olson, 43–59. Provo, UT: Brigham Young University Press, 1978.

“Sunday School Jubilee: Semi-Centennial Celebration of the Establishment of the Sunday Schools of the Church.” In Seventieth Semi-Annual Conference of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 75–88. Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1899.

Talmage, James E. The House of the Lord: A Study of Holy Sanctuaries, Ancient and Modern. Rev. ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1969.

———. Jesus the Christ. 6th ed. Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 1922.

———. A Study of the Articles of Faith: Being a Consideration of the Principal Doctrines of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 42nd ed. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1961.

Tanner, George S. John Tanner and His Family: A History-Biography of John Tanner of Lake George, New York. Salt Lake City: John Tanner Family Association, 1974.

Tanner, Nathan. Journals, 1852–55. CHL.

Taylor, Charles Barber. Journals, 1864–65. CHL.

Taylor, Lillie Jane Orr. Life History of Thomas Orr, Jr. N.p.: The Author, 1930.

Taylor, Samuel W. The Kingdom or Nothing: The Life of John Taylor, Militant Mormon. New York: MacMillan, 1976. This volume has been reissued as The Last Pioneer: John Taylor, a Mormon Prophet (Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1999).

———. “Lesser Known Wives of John Taylor,” photocopy of MS. CHL.

Terrell, J. E. Plat map of “Los Ojitos Rancho.” 1859.

———. Plat map of “Rancho Los Dos Pueblos.” San Francisco: United States Surveyor General’s Office, 1861.

Thomas, H.E. and G. H. Taylor. Geology and Ground-Water Resources of Cedar City and Parowan Valleys, Iron County, Utah. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1946.

Thomas, Mifflin. Schooner from Windward: Two Centuries of Hawaiian Interisland Shipping. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1983.

Thompson and West. History of Santa Barbara & Ventura Counties, California. Reprint Berkeley: Howell-North Books, 1961.

Thompson, Richard D. and Kathryn L. Thompson. Pioneer of the Mojave: The Life and Times of Aaron G. Lane. Apple Valley, California: Desert Knolls Press, 1995.

Thrapp, Dan L. Encyclopedia of Frontier Biography. 3 vols. Glendale, CA: Arthur H. Clark, 1988.

———. Encyclopedia of Frontier Biography. Supplemental vol. 4. Spokane, Wash.: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1994.

Thurber, Laura Ann Keeler. Reminiscences and diary, 1887–1903, photocopy of MS. CHL.

Times and Seasons (Nauvoo, Illinois).

Tripp, Enoch Bartlett. Enoch Bartlett Tripp. Bountiful, UT: George W. Tripp, 1951.

Trowbridge, M. E. D. The Life-Story of Gershom and Elizabeth Day. Philadelphia: American Baptist Publication Society, 1895.

Truth Restored: A Short History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1995.

Tullidge, Edward W. History of Salt Lake City. Salt Lake City: Star Printing, 1886.

———. Tullidge’s Histories, Containing the History of All the Northern, Eastern and Western Counties of Utah; Also the Counties of Southern Idaho. 2 vols. Salt Lake City: Juvenile Instructor, 1889.

———. The Women of Mormondom. New York: Tullidge and Crandall, 1877.

Tullis, F. LaMond. “California and Chile in 1851 as Experienced by the Mormon Apostle Parley P. Pratt.” Southern California Quarterly 67 (Fall 1985): 291–307.

Turner, John G. Brigham Young: Pioneer Prophet. Cambridge, MA, and London, England: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2012.

Tyler, Daniel. A Concise History of the Mormon Battalion in the Mexican War. Salt Lake City, 1881; reprint Glorieta, New Mexico: The Rio Grande Press, Inc., 1981.

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