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June 1852

1 June 1852 • Tuesday

We started over to the Kula it being fast day to-day. It looked lowring and threatening but we were nevertheless blessed with a very fine day. We had a very good time all day. We stopped at Bro. [H. K.] Kaleohano’s house.

2 June 1852 • Wednesday

We were joined by Bro. Keeler from Honuaula and in afternoon as we were going to meeting met Bro. Hammond. We had a good meeting.1

3 June 1852 • Thursday

Gathering strawberries in morning2 and afterwards started on foot for Makawao to attend meeting there. We had an excellent meeting with the white brethren. I had felt to cry to the Lord to bless us all as we had heard that there had been dissensions and heartburnings among the branch, and we were blessed for we preached just the things that were needed and the brethren and sisters all felt the spirit much and rejoiced in the truth.3

4 June 1852 • Friday

Returned to Kula and Bro. Hammond and I started for Waiehu and arrived after dark.

5 June 1852 • Saturday

Went to Wailuku.

6 June 1852 • Sunday

Preached this morning upon the different degrees of glory,4 preaching to the spirits in prison &c.5 a difficult subject to explain in Native, but was supported by the spirit and therefore done tolerably well. Bro. H. followed. In afternoon confirmed one man that Bro. [William] Uaua had baptised and selected a teacher in place of one who did not magnify his office; and attended to the Lord’s supper. There was much good speaking done by the brethren. I forgot to mention that Bro. Hammond brought me up some letters on Wednesday <last>. One from Bro. Hy. Bigler, Oahu [O‘ahu]; one from Bro. Perkins, Molokai [Moloka‘i]; and one from Bro. Uaua, Lahaina. Bro. B’s letter was excellent, but I was sorry that he had such a job with the language; he said he was afraid he would not be able to preach in the language before he went home; he desired our prayers and wished us to write. Bro. P’s letter was a call for one of us to go over to Molokai. And Bro. U’s letter was the same saying that the people were very anxious to have one of us come over; that they now numbered 30 and upwards; 16 that were baptised by him while there.

7 June 1852 • Monday

Writing &c.

8 June 1852 • Tuesday

do. a long letter to Bros. Bigler and Farrer;6 and had a long conversation with a young man, a scholar of the [Lahainaluna] High School, a relative of Bro. Uaua’s. In evening Bro. H came over and we had Council Meeting with the brethren.

9 June 1852 • Wednesday

Had a long conversation with Kahialii, the young man I conversed with yesterday; and he offered himself for baptism. I went down and baptised him and a young woman. I afterwards went over to Waiehu with the intention of going to Makawao, but upon my arrival at Bros H’s. I found Bro. [James] Kipp and wife there from Lahaina, and therefore deferred going. Bro. K. was taken quite unwell in the evening with fever &c. &c.7

10 June 1852 • Thursday

Started this morning to Makawao in company with Bro. & Sis. Hammond, Bro. Rice, and Bro. [James] Kipp and wife and Sis. Gaston, Bro. K. was quite unwell. We had a good meeting this evening.

11 June 1852 • Friday

We arose this morning very early with the intention of going to Kula on a strawberry frolic. Bro. Gaston took a cart in which the Sisters rode. Picking Strawberries &c.; we had a very pleasant time and enjoyed ourselves much. Bro. Keeler was over from Kaupo, Bro. Napela from Wailuku, Bros. Winchester, Burnham & Gaston with their wives from Makawao <also Bro. Davis>, Bro. Rice from Waiehu and Bro & Sis. Hammond, Bro. Hawkins and I. We stopped at the house of Bro. Kaleohano. In evening had a very good meeting.8

12 June 1852 • Saturday

Went out again this morning to gather strawberries, after which Bro. Napela and I started for Wailuku. Held meeting in evening.

13 June 1852 • Sunday

Held meeting to day, morning and evening.

14 June 1852 • Monday

Reading, Writing &c.

15 June 1852 • Tuesday

Bros. Hawkins & Hammond came over from Waiehu today they having come down from Makawao yesterday. We had Council Meeting in evening. I had an illustration to-day of the necessity of being candid one to another and not to indulge in the slightest feelings for by harboring such we give place to the adversary and destroy our peace—there had some things transpired in which we were all concerned that if they had been left without explanation might have rankled in us and been the cause of feelings—although but slight in the commencement. I returned in company with them to Waiehu.

16 June 1852 • Wednesday

I concluded to-day to accompany Bro. Hammond on a visit to Molokai, it had been thought best for Bro. Napela to accompany him, but he could not on account of business. Bro. Hawkins started to Honuaula & Bro. H & I to Lahaina with a boy to bring back our horses. Bro. Kipp & wife accompanied us—he had partly recovered. We arrived in Lahaina about sun-down. Sickness is very prevalent here scarcely a white man that has escaped the fever—it is very sultry and seems as tho’ the angel of death was here.

17 June 1852 • Thursday

Wrote a note to the brethren on Molokai, stating we were here and requesting them to send a boat over for us. This afternoon Bro. & Sis. Perkins came over from Molokai on a visit with the intention of returning in the morning—it was quite opportune. We were glad to see each other.

18 June 1852 • Friday

We started early this morning [in a whaleboat] and had row[ed] to the point of the Island before the <breeze> struck us. We then hoisted the sail and ceased rowing. Bro. P. and I were very seasick. We met with Bro & Sis. Woodbury and were very glad to see each other. This part of this Island does not afford many facilities for cultivation but sufficient to raise enough for the inhabitants—the mountains come almost close down to the water’s edge—leaving but a narrow strip of land for cultivation with occasionally a small valley entering into the Mountains. The water is not very good, not so good as the water in Wailuku. There are great numbers of fish ponds along the shore which produce great quantities of fish for which this Island is noted.9 It is quite a pretty Island and no doubt very healthy as there is a constant breeze blowing. I was quite unwell from the effects of seasickness. Held meeting in afternoon Bro. H. spoke after which I made some remarks

19 June 1852 • Saturday

Still unwell.10

20 June 1852 • Sunday

Preached this morning and also enjoyed a good flow of the spirit. Bro. H. made some remarks. We baptized one man. Held meeting in afternoon and enjoyed ourselves.

21 June 1852 • Monday

Reading &c.

22 June 1852 • Tuesday

do. do

23 June 1852 • Wednesday

Attended meeting this morning and enjoyed it much. In afternoon attended meeting at Wailua [Waialua] about two miles from where we were staying; the brethren furnished us with horses. We had a good attendance and a good time.

24 June 1852 • Thursday

This evening we formed ourselves into a meeting and had a very good time; Bro. Woodbury spoke in tongues and gave the interpretation, it was very good and was calculated to cheer us.

25 June 1852 • Friday

We went down this morning with the intention of seeing the Missionary [Rev. Harvey Hitchcock]. We stopped at the house of some white men and talked some time and eat dinner. We then <went> on down to Kaluaaha [Kalua‘aha] and Bro. Perkins & I went into Mr. Hitchcock’s. Mr. [Edward] Bailey from Wailuku was there. I introduced Bro. P. and after the usual compliments, I asked him for the privilege of preaching in his house as we had a message for both Priest and People and we desired to declare it as publicly as possible. He said it was unroofed and it might be that they would not be able to use it themselves. I asked for the school house (as they had quite a large one there.) He said that they had school twice a day. Says he, “Gentlemen I am not mad, nor I do not wish you to think that I am, but I will tell you my mind that I intend to use my influence to stop its progress, and you may calculate upon it.” He continued on in this strain. I called upon <him> to stop a little I then told him that “this was the work of the Almighty and that it would gather out the honest in heart, and that all that he would do against it would only tend to accelerate its progress.” I bore my testimony to him of the truth of it; and told him “that we were strangers to him, he did not know what we believed in, in fact he did not know even who we were, you have not enquired into our belief and you do not know our tenets, we might have as pure truths as ever emanated from the throne of Jehovah, or on the other hand we might not; you do not know.” He intended, I believe, to out talk us and browbeat us, but in this he was very much disappointed notwithstanding all his impudence and insulting remarks, we proved the saying of the Lord to be true to his servants “that he would give them a mouth and wisdom, that all their adversaries could not gainsay nor resist.”11 I bore a powerful testimony to him of the truth of the work. He called me a bold man some three times during the conversation.12 In evening Bro. P. and I, the other brethren being present, attended to the commandment of the Lord and the ordinance given for such cases.13 Held meeting in evening.

26 June 1852 • Saturday

Variously engaged.14

27 June 1852 • Sunday

Bro. H. & I spoke this morning. In afternoon had the Lord’s Supper.

28 June 1852 • Monday

Held Conference to-day, and organized two branches, appointing a teacher and deacon to each place.

29 June 1852 • Tuesday

Reading &c.

30 June 1852 • Wednesday

Embarked on a whale boat this morning to return to Lahaina;15 we had quite a rough passage and I was very seasick; Bro. H. was very qualmish altho’ formerly a seaman by profession. During this visit I have not enjoyed myself as I am wont to do, that is, I have not had as much of the Spirit as it is my privilege to have. I do not know what the cause of this has been. I have enjoyed the society of the brethren & sisters much. When we landed I could scarcely walk I was so weak from the effects of vomiting. We found Bro. Kipp well.


  1. [1]Hammond identified the meeting as a “singin[g] school” (Hammond journal, June 2, 1852).

  2. [2]Hammond and Keeler had spent part of the previous day gathering strawberries. “I never saw better ones in the States,” Hammond wrote (Hammond journal, June 2, 1852). The ‘ohelo-papa is a native strawberry that grows on the islands of Hawai‘i and Maui at altitudes from 3,500 to 6,000 feet and usually ripens during the summer months (Mitchell, Resource Units in Hawaiian Culture, 129).

  3. [3]Additional details of the day’s events were recorded by Hammond: “Set out for Makawo on foot Brother Cannons horse having got away from us. . . . we expected some trouble with the branch or with Brother Gaston, for I had heard he was offended at my remarks last thursday evening about coming to meeting so late, this gave me bad feeling as also the rest of my brethren, for he had said we ware all partial in going to Br. Burnham’s oftener than we came to his house &c. &c., so before the meeting began I took him [aside] and asked him about it if he had any feelings to say what I should do to have him reconciled, but he told me he had no feelings at all” (Hammond journal, June 3, 1852).

  4. [4]Latter-day Saints believe that the afterlife consists of the three degrees of glory described by the Apostle Paul (1 Cor. 15:40–41). The highest of these degrees is called the celestial kingdom; the second is the terrestrial kingdom; and the lowest is the telestial kingdom. At the final judgment, all individuals will be assigned to a degree of glory based on the life they led (including the level of their faith in Christ), except for the devil and his followers, who will be relegated to a kingdom without glory. For further information, see Larry E. Dahl, “Degrees of Glory,” in Encyclopedia of Mormonism, 1:367–69.

  5. [5]According to Latter-day Saint theology, individuals who did not have the opportunity to hear the gospel of Jesus Christ during their mortal lives will have that opportunity prior to the final judgment. Between Christ’s death and resurrection, he instituted the practice of preaching to the dead when “he went and preached unto the spirits in prison” so “that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit” (1 Pet. 3:19; 4:6). For more information, see Robert J. Parsons, “Spirit Prison,” in Encyclopedia of Mormonism, 3:1406.

  6. [6]Although Cannon’s letter is not available, Hammond wrote to Farrer the same day:

    “We have ordained three to be Priest after the o[r]der of Aaron, Nap[e]la, Uaua, & Kaleohano, they have all magnifide their offices as yet and been a great deal of help to us. . . .

    “Brother Hawkins is doing a good work up in Kula. . . . he is rejoiceing in his labours baptesing confirming & preaching about all the time, he has been blessed ever Since he came down from Hawaii. Broth. Keeler, is at Kaupou about 30 miles from Kula, he is doing well thare has Baptised some thirty and organisid a branch, they ware both well last Friday, when I left them in Kula. Brother & Sister Woodbury has left Hawaii and gone to Join Brother Pirkins at Molokai, they ware all well a short time since, Uaua was over on Molokai a week or too ago and baptised some thirty and says that Br Prirkins wants one of us to come over and help him for he can not do anything yet towards organising the branch, I think of going over for a week or so and then Br Canon, and me are going to try it at Lahaina, with fear and trembling for that is the hell of this Island” (Hammond to Farrer, June 8, 1852, typescript, WFC).

  7. [7]The fever mentioned was commonly called by the missionaries “Lahaina fever,” an imprecise label frequently used to refer to an illness that included headaches, muscle and joint aches, and fever. In other parts of the world, similar symptoms were commonly called by the equally ambiguous “Panama fever” or “tropical fever” (see Mary Jane Hammond journal, Sept. 28, 1853; Keeler journal, Nov. 4, 1853; note that references elsewhere to the “Hammond journal” refer to the record kept by Francis Hammond, husband of Mary Jane Hammond; references to the Mary Jane Hammond journal will always be so designated).

  8. [8]Hammond provided additional details about the day’s events: “Set out . . . to pick Stawburys & have a pick Nick. . . . had a Stawbury pudding & Strawbury Sauce Strawburys & Milk and every other way that we could think. . . . in the evening had a meeting in english” (Hammond journal, June 11, 1852).

  9. [9]These fish ponds were ancient, man-made wonders situated along the southeastern coast of Moloka‘i, many of which still exist today. Similar fish ponds were located on the other islands. For further details, see Mitchell, Resource Units in Hawaiian Culture, 152–54.

  10. [10]The missionaries held an afternoon meeting during which Cannon “seemed to feel better and Spoke Some leng[th]” (Hammond journal, June 19, 1852).

  11. [11]Luke 21:15.

  12. [12]Hammond left an account of the exchange: “[Rev. Hitchcock] commenced then to brow beat them with the most insulting Language that he could make use of, calling them all kinds of hard names, Said he did not count them as ministers of the Gospel, but deceivers going about deceiving the people Br C. asked him to prove it but he would not. Brother C told him that we could prove that he was a heirling & preaching false principles. they talked on in this strain for some time and fineally they bore thier tistemoney to him & left him to his own glory, he said he would fight against us with all his strength & inf[l]uance Saying that we had a hard row to hoe. Brother C. told him that that was the way with the Devil & his agents to fight against the truth, but that as great men as he was had been overthrown” (Hammond journal, June 25, 1852).

  13. [13]Cannon may have been referring to a practice outlined by Jesus Christ to his apostles. Mark’s account reads, “And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence, shake off the dust under your feet as a testimony against them” (Mark 6:11; see also Matthew 10:14; Luke 9:5). This injunction was repeated on several occasions in the revelations Joseph Smith received (see Doctrine and Covenants 24:15; 60:15; 75:20; 84:92; 99:4).

  14. [14]Hammond left a more detailed account of the day’s events: “This Morning Broths C. & P. & myself went into the mountains for wood to Iron our Shirts with we had a hard time, but had a good view of the Island, had prayers up thare in the bushes, then returned to the house very tired and weary, after part went up to Waialua and held a meeting with the brethren” (Hammond journal, June 26, 1852).

  15. [15]Prior to leaving Moloka‘i, the missionaries “held a meeting with the Saints exhorted them to be faithful & prayerful then bade them Adieu” (Hammond journal, June 30, 1852).