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January 1851


Events in George Q. Cannon’s journal for 1851

3 January

Reflected on receiving the gospel and his desire to later be a missionary

13 January

Nalimanui “offered her house to us”

25 January

Determined not to go home but rather to stay and do his “duty to this people” and preach to them “in their tongue”

20 February

Directed by the Spirit to stay in the Sandwich Islands rather than go to the Marquesas Islands with the mission president, Hiram Clark

4 March ff.

Made a trip around Maui to improve his Hawaiian language ability and to learn more about the island and the people

8 March

Met Jonathan Napela at Wailuku, Maui

9 March ff.

Encountered the Reverend Daniel T. Conde, who said he would rather believe “Mahomet than Joseph Smith”

20 March ff.

Taught Jonathan Napela the gospel

30 March

Countered Reverend Conde regarding falsehoods Conde had been preaching

6 April

Responded to Reverend Jonathan Green about the restored gospel

20 April

Read about, and theorized about, cretinism

11 May

Napela compelled by Reverend Conde to have Cannon no longer stay with him

13 May ff.

Moved to Kalepolepo, Maui; countered Reverend Jonathan Green

22 May ff.

Challenged Napela to hold to the truth and challenged members of Reverend Green’s congregation to see the truth of the church of Christ as found in the Bible

15 June ff.

Preached in a house Napela’s men had built; dreaded “the approach of the hour of execution”; later baptized several and strongly felt the Spirit of the Lord

26 June ff.

Was “destitute . . . of ideas and words,” but later “felt the spirit very powerfully upon me”

13 July

Baptized an adopted son of Napela

24 July ff.

Baptized a large number of natives

27 July ff.

“I never preached with such power as I did this morning.”

4 August

“A man of the name of Ka Pono” had a dream showing which church was right.

18 August

Organized four branches

20 August

Gathering of fellow missionaries in Lahaina, Maui

12 September

Watched natives thrash brush in a stream to kill the fish

1 October

Met newly baptized J. W. H. Kauwahi

6 October ff.

Unsuccessful efforts “to get a written privilege from the government to preach without being molested upon the Islands”

20 November

Dream of two pine chips that would get the furnace burning again; later believed it was fulfilled by two “chips” (carpenters) joining the church

7 December

Attendance at church dwindled because people “completely turned against the truth.” “If I did not know that it was true and the Lord’s work I should almost despair.”

12 December

Had a long conversation with Samuel Kamakau and others

26 December

Held belief that “a man holding the Priesthood and magnifying it could not be operated upon” (mesmerized)

1 January 1851 • Wednesday

The New Year was ushered in here with very little ceremony. We were busily engaged with our studies, we miss Keala & Wife much. Her mother [Nalimanui] and sister [Hoohuli] came in this evening.

2 January 1851 • Thursday

The same as yesterday.

3 January 1851 • Friday

Eleven Years to-day was the day that I saw the first Mormon. (Uncle) [John Taylor] Time is rolling on it seems as though it was only a few days ago since I was a child listening with, ears, mouth and eyes open to what the Elders had to say drinking it in greedily; when I think of it I can remember all my old feelings and anticipations. Then I used to wish that I was a man grown and had the Priesthood that I might have the privilege of preaching the gospel; this used to be then, my highest ambition; my feelings have not changed much in this respect only I find it is quite a cross to me I feel my weakness and unworthiness; it may be this is for the best that I may rely more upon the Spirit of the Lord.

I feel thankful that he has blessed me to the extent he has and permitted me to realise my hopes and wishes.

4 January 1851 • Saturday

Received a letter from Honolulu; they are well and write us very encourageingly, their counsel is to get the language as fast as possible.1 They had called upon Mr. Wylie and he said he thought it rested with the Governor, but advised them to call upon Mr. [Richard] Armstrong the superintendant of Public instruction he thought the same as Mr. W. & said he had no objections. They counselled Bro. Bigler to stay with us until he learned the language. We called this morning upon the Governor and told about the letter we had received. He said it was strange they had not wrote to him about it &c. &c. said he would write by the packet going to-morrow evening to Mr. Armstrong. The Governor does not know his rights or else he is a mere puppet in the hands of others, or he does not want us to preach here. He seems to be very much afraid of transcending the powers of his office. From what I have been able to observe I think the [Congregationalist] missionaries have all power here in the Government.2

5 January 1851 • Sunday

Attended Native Chapel Mr. [Rev. Dwight] Baldwin officiated. They administered the Sacrament. The singing was excellent.

6 January 1851 • Monday 3

Unwell with the dysentery studying all day.

7 Tuesday 1851 • January

Engaged as yesterday Our neighbors understood I was unwell and made me some Arrowroot or Pia as it is called by them.4 They are very kind and bring us in every day sugar Cane to eat, they are great very fond of it.

8 January 1851 • Wednesday

Studying all day.

9 January 1851 • Thursday

Engaged as yesterday.

10 January 1851 • Friday

do. do do.

11 January 1851 • Saturday

Our neighbor a Spaniard [Chilean] by the name of Hoke [Jose] who is married into the family of Kanakas [native Hawaiians] that live close by, she [Hoohuli] is a sister of Pau’s, sent in a plate of butter to us as a Makana or present. He has been very kind. Received a letter from Bro. Hawkins at Hawaii They were well and had preached twice to the foreigners on the Island but they did not seem to care much about it. They were going to start for Hilo in the morning after they wrote.

12 January 1851 • Sunday

Attended Native meeting A Native preached I never saw such gesticulations nor so many of them. I begin to understand some little of what is said. After dismassal [dismissal] attended Mr. Taylor’s Chapel.

13 January 1851 • Monday

This morning <as> our money was about gone. We thought it best to strike and try and get some of the Natives to take us in. We cast lots which direction each should take. Bro. Bigler drew South and Bro. Keeler East and myself North. I had told our cook [Jose] as well as I could our situation and he told it to Nalimanui the old lady that lived close by she came in but we were busy and did not talk to her; & she went away again. Bro. B. started and I thought I would go in and see the Old lady before I started and ask her w<h>ere we would find a man that would entertain strangers. Her daughter [Hoohuli] the Spaniard’s wife came up they told me that they did not know; but [Nalimanui] offered her house to us she said it was not good but we were welcome. Bro. K. had went with me to see her. We had a long talk with her and told her I would give her blankets or anything that we had that she wanted.—My heart swelled with in me and I could scarcely refrain from weeping. I blessed her she said she would fix things to-day and to-morrow night come in.5

14 January 1851 • Tuesday 6

Moved into the House they had cleaned and fixed it up as well as they could. She N. had moved out entirely with her family. We told them we only wanted room to sleep on the floor or any where they would hear nothing of this but made us occupy the places for beds. Hoohuli said her mother would sleep in her house. I gave the old lady a pair of new blankets and what money I had it was with much difficulty that I could get her to accept them.7

Received a letter from Bros. Clark <& Whittle> written by Bro. W. in which they stated that they had but poor success with the Whites in preaching to them. Bro. W. said it was discouraging but his wind was not half gone yet. I wrote a letter this evening to Bro. H. [Howard] Egan California.

15 January 1851 • Wednesday

Rained all day.

16 January 1851 • Thursday

Wrote a letter to-day to Oahu in which we joked about being half out of wind told them we were trying to regulate our wind to last three or four years. We tried to write encouragingly.

17 January 1851 • Friday

Unwell all day.

18 January 1851 • Saturday

Not very well. Called upon Gov. Young [James Kanehoa] to see about the Palace; he had received a letter from Mr. Armstrong from which he learned that it was his Brother [John Young] the Minister of the Interior that had the disposal of it; but he did not seem to wish to do anything more about it. I told him we could preach out of doors that was a consolation we had; he said that was the way the [Congregationalist] missionaries done at first. I felt to pray that he might live to be sorry for not letting us have the House. For I believe he has the power in himself.

19 January 1851 • Sunday

I called upon Mr. Taylor at his study and let him have a Voice of Warning to read,8 he seemed pleased to get it, said he should like us to call upon him.

20 January 1851 • Monday

Studying all day.9

21 January 1851 • Tuesday

do do do

22 January 1851 • Wednesday

Studying all day.

23 January 1851 • Thursday

Received a letter from Bros. C & W. In which we learned that Bro. Whittle was going to start home the 1st of Feby.; and that Bro. Bigler & Keeler [were to] stay together on this Island and that Bro. C. wanted me to go come to Oahu and stay with him. This news was rather unexpected we had hoped that Bro. W. would have stayed longer I felt very sorry to hear of his going as I thought he would do better to stay.—I was attached to this Island and had made calculations on it being the scene of my labors while I stayed & I was somewhat attached to the People.

24 January 1851 • Friday

This morning getting ready to go to Oahu. I felt reluctant to part with the brethren I felt as tho’ I was leaving home. The Ka Luna Schooner was going to Honolulu this evening and I took passage on her.10 Nalemanui [Nalimanui] our hostess went on the same vessel up to Honolulu on business. After getting on board I was soon taken sick and parted with all on my stomach. I turned in to bed as quick as night came, and felt considerably relieved.

25 January 1851 • Saturday

Our progress last night had been slow; but a breeze sprung up this morning favorable for us. I had not been up long before I was seasick and vomited quantities of bile it made me feel very sick and weak. Nalemanui was very kind to me and made me lie down on her mat on the deck and covered me with her blanket. We reached Honolulu about 3 o’clock p.m. I left my things and went to find the brethren. I found Bro. C. in the house they were in when I left this place he appeared glad to see me. From him I learned that Bros Dixon and Farrer were both here intending to go Home with Bro. Whittle this surprised me a little, for I thought if they felt as I did and as Bro. Bigler & Bro. Keeler felt about it, they would feel as tho’ they were not magnifying their office and calling by going home; for we felt that if we were to desert the islands now we should be under condemnation. I was glad to see the brethren although sorry to know their determination they were all well.

Bros Dixon and Farrer had been on the Island of Kauai and preached once or twice to the Whites there being but very few there but had not met with any encouragement and had thought there was no further use of preaching there and had wrote to Bro. C. to this effect and he had thought fit sent for them.11

I had some conversation with Bro. W. & the brethren about going home. I told them that if I were to go home under existing circumstances they Lord in my opinion would hold me accountable for not doing my duty to this people and the people would be apt to rise up in judgment against me for not giving them the privilege of hearing the truth; my prayer was and I supposed it was the prayer of all the brethren that the time might speedily come when all should know the Lord and when his knowledge would cover the earth as the waters would covered the deep;12 I said I believed in uniting works and faith;13 how would such prayers sound, ten elders sent out by Bro. [Charles C.] Rich to these Islands to preach and to act when we arrived as the spirit and circumstances dictated; and we found there were not whites that would receive us, turn round and go home and leave a whole nation to welter in ignorance because <Bro. R.> did not happen to tell us that we were to preach to them in their tongue I said that I believed it was every Elder’s privilege to have revelation to a certain extent himself and the testimony of the spirit to direct him at all times if he would <live> for it; and that the whisperings of the spirit to me were that if I should persevere and get the language & preach to this people I should be blessed and as an evidence of this I had been blessed in learning the language and the way opened before us to subsist and I had for myself more of the spirit of the Lord than I had ever enjoyed before.—This left me in this situation either to stay here and be blessed or go home under condemnation.14 I was as anxious to go home as anyone could be; but my priesthood and calling had to be magnified; I said these were my own feelings and I did not make myself <a standard> for others to be judged by; they had the spirit and testimony for themselves.

Bro. W. told me that he was doing no good here, nor he had done nothing since he had been here. The first Sunday they had meeting they had a tolerable congregation Bro. C. spoke to some length but did not touch on the first principles, and two-thirds of the congregation left the room before he had got thro.’ In the afternoon they had about half the number of the morning Bro. C. again preached did not do much better than before, the congregation sat until nearly thro.’ The next Sunday there were only five and four left while Bro. C. was praying and they had not been able to get any hearers <since> and Bro. W. had not a chance offered to bear his testimony and he did not feel that he was doing <any> good here, he could not feel to be united with him and as the General [Charles C. Rich] had given him the privilege of going home, he thought he would do so his dreams also led him to go home, he thought that Bro. C. course was an unwise one and not calculated to benefit but to injure the cause. I was little surprised at this recital and I began to think that it might be wisdom for Bro. W. to go home as he seemed <to think> that Bro. C. would not feel satisfied if he went any where else.

26 January 1851 • Sunday

After stating the circumstances <& situation of things> on Maui they thought it best for me to return there as they thought I could learn the language faster; Bro. C’s object in sending for me was to be with me him and write articles for the press &c. &c.; but upon taking every thing into consideration it was thought best for me to stay on Maui. I felt myself that I could do more good upon that Island than I could upon this Oahu looking at things as they were here.15

27 January 1851 • Monday

This morning Bro. C. told me he wanted me to write a letter to the First Presidency [for him] giving them a statement of things on the islands I accordingly wrote one giving a full description of things.16

28 January 1851 • Tuesday

Busy variously all day

29 January 1851 • Wednesday

I took my passage back to Lahaina this afternoon. Bro. Farrer concluded to stay and asked Bro. C. if he might go with me to Bro. Bigler as a partner to him, to which he consented Bro. Dixon still continued in his determination to go home with Bro. Whittle. I bade the brethren farewell with regret as I had hoped to have had their company until we all went home.17 We started for Maui in the afternoon and were towed out to the mouth of the harbor;18 after we got out of the harbor the wind was tolerably favorable; I was inclined to be seasick but by lying down I kept from vomiting; we made pretty good progress tonight.

30 January 1851 • Thursday

Got up this morning in the sight of Lahaina, our passage had been tolerably quick one. I found the brethren all well and was glad to see them.19

31 January 1851 • Friday

Studying all day.

Footnotes

  1. [1]While Clark and Whittle’s letter to the Maui missionaries is not extant, they wrote to the Kaua‘i missionaries that “the prospct looks dark at presant but the Lord is abel to turn the harts of the Children of men we are not discureged yet[.] we will do the best that we can [to] improve evry opertunity and preach to all that will hear and get the langqueg If we can” (Clark and Whittle to Dixon and Farrer, Jan. 2, 1851, WFC).

  2. [2]Cannon subsequently recounted the Protestant missionaries’ influence in the islands: “Their religion was, in fact, the State religion, though not so declared by law; it was popular to be a member of their church, while it was unpopular not to be connected with it. It looked like a formidable and hopeless task to attempt to preach the gospel to a people and in a government over whom sectarian priests had such complete control. But we knew God could break down every barrier, and remove every obstacle” (Cannon, My First Mission, 36). Several influential government officials had originally gone to the islands as missionaries. Although government officials did display overt prejudice against the Latter-day Saints on occasion, actions that Cannon and his fellow Latter-day Saint missionaries viewed as prejudice were actually reflections of logical national concerns or were the result of officials’ uncertainty about the authority they held under the Sandwich Islands’ evolving government. While Latter-day Saints were denied some requests, on other occasions during Cannon’s mission they successfully petitioned for relief at both the local and highest levels.

  3. [3]Cannon originally wrote the year for his entries of January 6 through January 13 as 1852, then changed it in pen to 1851.

  4. [4]Pia, or Polynesian arrowroot, is high in starch. It was mixed with water and drunk as a treatment for diarrhea. Pia was also used as a thickening agent in food. For additional information, see Krauss, Plants in Hawaiian Culture, 15, 103, 284.

  5. [5]Cannon provided additional information when he later wrote about the day’s events:

    “I had explained our position to the man of whom we rented the house. Of course my explanations were not perfect, for three weeks’ residence had not made us masters of the language; but he comprehended the situation exactly. He went to a neighboring house, where the family lived who had done our washing, and who had been very friendly and kind, and told the lady how matters stood with us. She came in; but we were so busy making our arrangements to start out that we did not converse with her, and she went away again. Brother Bigler started off in the direction which had fallen to him, with a piece of paper in his hand, on which sentences in native, such as he would be likely to need, were written, with their meaning in English. Brother Keeler and myself were preparing to go in the directions which had fallen to us, when Bro. Keeler suggested that we call upon Na-lima-nui, the old lady of whom I have spoken. Our object was to learn from her, if we could, who there was that would be likely to entertain strangers. . . .

    “Na-lima-nui did not know where we could find a man who could entertain us; but she said we were welcome to come and live in her house. We had a long talk with her, and I endeavored to explain our position and what our business was in coming to the Islands. We had no money, I said, but anything that we did have, we should be glad to give her. We felt humble, and would have been pleased to obtain a corner on the floor to sleep in, so that we could live, learn the language and fill our mission. The kindness of this old lady touched me, and I could not refrain from weeping. Never before in my life did I feel so thankful as I did for the shelter she offered. I praised the Lord therefor; it was He who touched the heart of herself and family. The thought that we would not have to separate added to our joy, and you can probably imagine with what delight we went to find Brother Bigler. He had succeeded in finding a native who was willing to give him food and a lodging place, if he would milk his cow and do other chores. He was as much rejoiced as we to learn that we could live together.

    “We did not expect to get any more accommodations than a place to stretch ourselves at night in our blankets; but Na-lima-nui’s daughter, who was married to a Spaniard, lived adjoining; and she had arranged for her mother to live in her rooms. . . . Such a profound feeling of thankfulness as I had on our obtaining a shelter in this poor, native woman’s hut I never experienced before” (Cannon, My First Mission, 16–17).

    Before drawing lots the missionaries had “called on the Lord to open our way” (Bigler, “Personal Experience,” Apr. 2, 1896).

  6. [6]Cannon originally wrote the date for this entry as January 15 and the next as January 16, but corrected them in pen.

  7. [7]Years later Bigler still fondly recalled his feelings at the time: “All this seemed so much like a miracle to [find] a house and home and food for nothing! Our hearts were melted with thankfulness to the Lord for His goodness. We blessed, and asked the Lord to bless Naliman[u]i, and we rejoiced and praised the Lord for the tender mercies bestowed upon us. After we had taken possession of the house, the old Lady and a number of her associates came in and sat down on the mats. They looked at us earnestly and then wept like children, with pity for us, and I must confess that we elders were considerably touched and felt like crying too. To tell the truth we were overjoyed to be so well treated” (Bigler, “Personal Experience,” Apr. 2 1896). The missionaries’ new home featured beds, a table, and three chairs (Bigler autobiography, “Book A,” Jan. 13, 1851).

  8. [8]Parley P. Pratt’s A Voice of Warning and Instruction to All People was the main Latter-day Saint missionary tract of the day. First published in 1837, this work of more than two hundred pages set forth the beliefs of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and featured a systematic discussion of the differences between that church and traditional Christianity. For further information, see Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:69–71, 97–98, 172–73, 182, 261, 359–60; 2:304–5; Flake and Draper, Mormon Bibliography, 2:123–31.

  9. [9]Keeler reported that “Brother Cannon went this morning to see Mr Baldwin to see if he could get some books he said that he had not got eny that would bee of eny benifet to us and that he did [not] know of any in the Language” (Keeler journal, Jan. 20, 1851). Bigler’s efforts to obtain study materials two days later proved more successful. Mary Ann Alexander, wife of the Reverend William Alexander, principal of nearby Lahainaluna Seminary and herself a teacher at the school, told Bigler that “such books were now Scarce” but then gave the grateful Latter-day Saint missionary a Hawaiian grammar book as a present (Bigler autobiography, “Book A,” Jan. 22, 1851). Years later Cannon recounted an event that apparently took place during the latter part of January pertaining to his efforts to learn the Hawaiian language:

    “My desire to learn to speak was very strong; it was present with me night and day, and I never permitted an opportunity of talking with the natives to pass without improving it. I also tried to exercise faith before the Lord to obtain the gift of talking and understanding the language. One evening, while sitting on the mats conversing with some neighbors who had dropped in, I felt an uncommonly great desire to understand what they said. All at once I felt a peculiar sensation in my ears; I jumped to my feet, with my hands at the sides of my head, and exclaimed to Elders Bigler and Keeler who sat at the table, that I believed I had received the gift of interpretation! And it was so. From that time forward I had but little, if any, difficulty in understanding what the people said. I might not be able at once to separate every word which they spoke from every other word in the sentence; but I could tell the general meaning of the whole. This was a great aid to me in learning to speak the language, and I felt very thankful for this gift from the Lord.

    “I mention this that my readers may know how willing God is to bestow gifts upon his children. If they should be called to go as missionaries to a foreign nation, whose language they do not understand, it is their privilege to exercise faith for the gifts of speaking and interpreting that language, and also for every other gift which they may need” (Cannon, My First Mission, 15–16).

  10. [10]A schooner is rigged with sails that run fore and aft (parallel with the length of the ship) on two or more masts. The Kaluna ran a regularly advertised route between Lahaina and Honolulu (see “Regular Packet,” Honolulu Polynesian, Dec. 21, 1850).

  11. [11]Farrer later noted that there were “not more than forty or fifty who spoke the English language” on Kaua‘i. “We tried for some time to hold meetings among them, but owing to their scattered situation, and their indifference to the principles of truth, we found it useless to spend our time among them” (Farrer to Tibbets and Clawson, Nov. 26, 1855). On January 13 Farrer went to O‘ahu to “see what was the best course for us to take as the White people would not turn out to hear us & we could not make much progress in learning the native Language for want of some person to teach us.” On January 18 Farrer reported to Clark and Whittle “what we had done and what the prospects were for doing any thing amongst the whites that they would not come to hear us. this I found to be the case with the people here and Bro Clark said he did not think it was any use for those of the Brethren who were going home in the spring to stay any longer” (Farrer diary, Jan. 13, 18, 1851). Consequently, Dixon was sent for. Regarding Cannon’s arrival, Farrer wrote: “We were all glad to see him he was in good health and spirits, and had made considerable progress in learning the native language: he said that Bros. Bigler & Keeler were both well and in good spirits and felt as though there would be a great work on these Islands amongst the natives” (Farrer diary, Jan. 25, 1851).

  12. [12]Scriptural references to the knowledge of Jesus Christ covering the earth include Isaiah 11:9; Habakkuk 2:14; and 2 Nephi 21:9; 30:15.

  13. [13]James 2:14–26.

  14. [14]Although Cannon did not write about it at the time, he later recalled that his determination to stay in Hawai‘i was largely the result of experiences he had in Lahaina after the Maui missionaries decided to preach the gospel to the natives:

    “Our desire was to fill our mission: and because we felt thus, the Lord made up for any lack of comfort by giving us His Holy Spirit. I had never been so happy in my life before as I was then. When I prayed I could go unto God in faith; He listened to my prayers; He gave me great comfort and joy; He revealed Himself to me as He never had done before, and told me that if I would persevere, I should be blessed, be the means of bringing many to the knowledge of the truth, and be spared to return home after having done a good work. Many things were revealed to me, during those days, when He was the only friend we had to lean upon, which were afterwards fulfilled” (Cannon, My First Mission, 18).

    During a visit to Lahaina in December 1900, Cannon enlarged upon these events:

    “I had many reflections this morning upon my first residence in this place. It was here where the Lord revealed to me the good that should be accomplished if I should stay and work with this people. So clear was I upon this point that I was resolved to stay here if I had to do so alone. . . .

    “I started out this morning to find if possible the place where Nalimanui lived when she gave us shelter. I wanted to find the site of this house and the garden where I sought the Lord in secret prayer and where He condescended to commune with me, for I heard His voice more than once as one man speaks with another, encouraging me and showing me the work which should be done among this people if I would follow the dictates of His spirit” (Cannon journal, Dec. 27, 1900; spelling standardized).

  15. [15]Cannon later recalled that “the progress I had made in learning the language surprised the Elders at Honolulu. I was able to converse tolerably well with the natives, and understand what they said. When they learned how the Lord had opened our way and aided us in acquiring the language, they felt that it might be wisdom for me to continue my labors there, instead of removing to Honolulu” (Cannon, My First Mission, 21).

  16. [16]See Appendix 2, Item 1.

  17. [17]Cannon afterward wrote that some of the missionaries at Honolulu were “of the opinion that our mission was to the whites, and that when we had warned them, we were at liberty to return. How do you think such differences of views and opinions can be settled? Had the president of the mission exercised the authority to dictate, he could have decided between these views; but he would not. He left each one to act for himself. . . . Our only resource was to obtain revelation from the Lord for ourselves. This is the privilege of every man and woman in the Church. If Latter-day Saints will seek for knowledge, God will give it to them to guide them in all the details of life. . . .

    “. . . The idea of leaving the islands, because there were not enough white men to preach the gospel to, was so foreign to the minds of my companions on Maui, and to myself, that when I heard these Elders w[e]re there with the intention of returning home, I was surprised.

    “I did not conceal my feelings from [t]hem; I told them that I could not go home under existing circumstances, without feeling condemned. . . .

    “Brother Whittle had been told by Elder Rich that he could return home after filling a short mission. The president of the mission had done all the preaching at the meetings they had held, and had not even given him an opportunity to bear his testimony. His position had been, and still was unpleasant; and he saw no way to remedy it. If he could do any good, he was willing to stay; but he thought that, under his circumstances, it was useless. Brother William Farrer, one of the Elders who had been laboring on Kauai, made up his mind that he would not return home, but stop and devote himself to acquiring the language. His partner, however, would not stop. He was bent upon returning. Being an intimate acquaintance, I talked freely with him upon the subject. He would go home, he said, and gladly take a mission to Europe, if he should be appointed; but to labor there he could not with any pleasure. Besides, he was an old bachelor, he added, and he ought to be married, and so he would return home and take him a wife” (Cannon, My First Mission, 14–15, 19–20).

  18. [18]The vessel the missionaries were on had been trapped by headwinds for several hours in the harbor before it was towed (Farrer diary, Jan. 29, 1851).

  19. [19]Keeler wrote of Cannon’s return: “This morning contrary to our expecttations Brother Cannon returned from Oahu and Brother Farer with him which caused us to regois mutch as we ware very loansom there being no whites here to asociate with we had considerable talking to do about things that had transpired since we parted with them” (Keeler journal, Jan. 30, 1851). Farrer reported that Bigler and Keeler “were both well and in good spirits and felt that the Lord was going to do a great [work] among this people” (Farrer diary, Jan. 30, 1851).