Rachel Gordon Foster Avery

December 30, 1858–October 26, 1919

1 Born at Pittsburgh; daughter of Julia Manuel and J. Heron Foster. 2 Educated in Philadelphia and Europe; studied political economy at the University of Zurich, circa 1885. 3 Married Cyrus Miller Avery, 1888. 4 Served as corresponding secretary of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), 1880–1901; of the International Council of Women, 1888–1893; and of the National Council of Women, 1891–1894. Served as secretary to the International Woman Suffrage Alliance at Berlin, 1904–1909; as first vice president of NAWSA, 1907–1910; and as president of the Pennsylvania Woman Suffrage Association, 1908–1910. 5 Died at Philadelphia. 6 (See Document 4.27)


  1. [1] “Pennsylvania, Death Certificates, 1906–1944,” database, Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com, accessed Aug. 2014); from Pennsylvania Department of Health, death certificate, file no. 97787, registered no. 23251 (1919), Mrs. Rachel F. Avery.
  2. [2] Pennsylvania death certificate no. 97787. Christopher Lasch, “Avery, Rachel G. Foster,” in Notable American Women 1607–1905: A Biographical Dictionary, eds. Edward T. James, Janet Wilson James, Paul S. Boyer (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1973), 1:71–72.
  3. [3] Lasch, “Avery, Rachel G. Foster,” 71.
  4. [4] “Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Marriage Index, 1885–1951,” database, Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com, accessed Aug. 2014), Rachel Gordon Foster and Cyrus Miller Avery, 1888; citing “Pennsylvania, Philadelphia marriage license index, 1885–1951,” Clerk of the Orphans’ Court, Philadelphia, PA.
  5. [5] Lasch, “Avery, Rachel G. Foster,” 71–72. “Avery, Rachel Foster,” Who Was Who in America (Chicago: A. N. Marquis, 1943), 1:38.
  6. [6] Pennsylvania death certificate no. 97787. “Family Tree,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org, accessed Jan. 4, 2016), Rachel Foster KHPX-QYC .