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Hannah Clark Johnston

5 July 1839–23 October 1923

Born 5 July 1839 in Cornwall-on-Hudson, Orange Co., New York.[1] Daughter of David Johnston and Letitia Clark.[2] Attended boarding school and public schools near her home in Plattekill, Ulster Co., New York.[3] Taught school, 1858–1867.[4] Toured New England almshouses, prisons, asylums, and Sunday schools with Quaker minister Hannah Fry, 1868.[5] Married Moses Bailey, 23 Oct. 1868, in Plattekill; two children.[6] Settled in Winthrop, Kennebec Co., Maine.[7] Husband died, 1882; wrote a biography of his life, Reminiscences of a Christian Life.[8] After her husband’s death, became a Quaker pacifist, suffragist, reformer, and temperance leader, acting as superintendent of the Department of Peace and Arbitration for the National Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, 1887–1916; president and business manager of the Woman’s Temperance Publication Association, 1887; president of the Maine Woman Suffrage Association, 1891–1899; a member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association; and treasurer of the National Council of Women, 1895–1899.[9] Active participant in the Quaker Society of Friends.[10] Met and corresponded with EBW concerning paying dues and writing pamphlets, prefaces, and articles concerning peace.[11] Died 23 Oct. 1923 in Winthrop.[12]

 

[1] Edward T. James, ed., Notable American Women 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary, vol. 1 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971), 83–85. U.S. Passport Applications, 1795–1925, National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC, Roll 554, 1–6 June 1900, Hannah J. Bailey. “Family Tree,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org, accessed 22 June 2020), Hannah Clark Johnston Bailey (L7N3-16Q). 

[2] Edward T. James, ed., Notable American Women 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary, vol. 1 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971), 83–85. Gail Gardner, “Biographical Sketch of Hannah Johnston Bailey,” Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890–1920, Alexander Street (https://documents.alexanderstreet.com/d/1010113681, accessed 22 June 2020).

[3] Edward T. James, ed., Notable American Women 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary, vol. 1 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971), 83–85. John M. Craig, “Hannah Johnston Bailey: Publicist for Peace,” Quaker History 84, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 3–16.

[4] Frances E. Willard and Mary A. Livermore, eds., A Woman of the Century: Fourteen Hundred-Seventy Biographical Sketches Accompanied by Portraits of Leading American Women in All Walks of Life (Chicago: Charles Wells Moulton, 1893), 44.

[5] John M. Craig, “Hannah Johnston Bailey: Publicist for Peace,” Quaker History 84, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 3–16. Gail Gardner, “Biographical Sketch of Hannah Johnston Bailey,” Biographical Database of NAWSA Suffragists, 1890–1920, Alexander Street (https://documents.alexanderstreet.com/d/1010113681, accessed 22 June 2020).

[6] Edward T. James, ed., Notable American Women 1607–1950: A Biographical Dictionary, vol. 1 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1971), 83–85. Biographical Review: Biographical Sketches of Leading Citizens of Cumberland County Maine (Boston: Biographical Review Publishing, 1896), 499. 1910 U.S. Census, Winthrop, Kennebec Co., ME, ED 132, p. 6B, Hannah J. Bailey.

[7] 1870 U.S. Census, Winthrop, Kennebec Co., ME, p. 7, Hannah Bailey. 1910 U.S. Census, Winthrop, Kennebec Co., ME, ED 132, p. 6B, Hannah J. Bailey.

[8] H. J. Bailey, Reminiscences of a Christian Life (Portland, ME: Hoyt, Fogg & Donham, 1884), 341.

[9] Hannah Johnston Bailey Papers, 1836–1923, DG 005, Swarthmore College Peace Collection (https://www.swarthmore.edu/library/peace/DG001-025/dg005Bailey.htm, accessed 22 June 2020). Shannon M. Risk, “‘In Order to Establish Justice’: The Nineteenth-Century Woman Suffrage Movements of Maine and New Brunswick” (PhD diss., University of Maine, 2009) (https://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/etd/181/, accessed 11 Jan. 2021). “Women in the Peace Movement,” Advocate of Peace 72 (Feb. 1910). John M. Craig, “Hannah Johnston Bailey: Publicist for Peace,” Quaker History 84, no. 1 (Spring 1995): 3–16.

[10] Yearly Meeting of Friend for New England, 1905 (n.p.: Southworth Brothers, 1905), 69, 74, 80.

[11] EBW, Diary, 4 Mar. 1895; 24 Nov. 1897; 7 Dec. 1897; 29 Oct. 1899; 29 Jan. 1900; 2 Mar. 1900.

[12] “Hannah Clark Johnston Bailey,” Lakeview Cemetery, Winthrop, Kennebec Co., ME, Find a Grave, posted 6 Jan. 2012, memorial no. 83040479 (http://findagrave.com, accessed 1 July 2020).