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Caroline Curtis Raleigh

13 December 1844–4 March 1936

Born 13 Dec. 1844 in Nauvoo, Hancock Co., Illinois.[1] Daughter of Alonzo Hazelton Raleigh and Caroline Lucy Curtis.[2] Migrated to the Salt Lake Valley with the Heber C. Kimball pioneer company, arriving Sept. 1848.[3] Baptized as a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by William Hawk, 28 Oct. 1854, in Salt Lake City.[4] Married first Lewis Leonard Polmanteer, 27 Mar. 1863; six children.[5] Moved to Kimballsville, Rich Co., Utah Territory, by 1870.[6] Divorced; married second Daniel Hanmer Wells, 7 July 1879.[7] Secretary of the Salt Lake City Nineteenth Ward Relief Society, 1889–1899.[8] Visited EBW often, 1889–1904.[9] Chosen as agent to represent Tokology: A Book for Every Woman by Alice B. Stockham, MD, which addressed the health and happiness of women, 12 Aug. 1890.[10] First saleswoman for the Women’s Cooperative Mercantile and Manufacturing Institution; served on the board of directors, 1890–1894.[11] Active member of the Woman’s Suffrage Association, 1891.[12] Active member, treasurer, and auditor of the Women’s Press Club, 1892–1899.[13] Ordinance worker in the Salt Lake Temple, 1893–1911.[14] Appointed as Bear Lake Stake representative for the Woman’s Exponent, 1894.[15] Lived in Randolph, Rich Co., where she worked as an obstetrician, 1900.[16] Charter member of Daughters of the Pioneers and served on its board of managers, 1907.[17] Moved to Bancroft, Caribou Co., Idaho, 1911.[18] Moved to Seattle, 1915.[19] Worked for the Relief Society Auxiliary of the Red Cross as a knitting instructor; invented and patented a “knitting holder,” 1915.[20] Moved to Butte, Silver Bow Co., Montana, with her son Chester Raleigh, by 1934.[21] Died 4 Mar. 1936 in Warm Springs, Deer Lodge Co., Montana.[22]

 

[1] “Endowments of the Living, 1851–1884,” The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Endowment House, vol. C, 1857–1861, p. 74, line 1873, Caroline Curtis Raleigh, 15 Mar. 1858, microfilm 1149525 (restricted access), FHL. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Genealogical Department, Genealogical Surveys of LDS Members: Autobiographies and Ancestors, vol. 32, p. 423, Caroline Curtis Raleigh Wells, microfilm 1059456, image 491/600, FHL. Alonzo Hazeltine Raleigh, Family Record, 1623–1891, p. 12, Caroline C Raleigh, microfilm 1597655, DGS 7579826, FHL. “Family Tree,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org, accessed 24 May 2019), Caroline Curtis Raleigh (K2HC-M2T).

[2] “Endowments of the Living, 1851–1884,” The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Endowment House, vol. C, 1857–1861, p. 74, line 1873, Caroline Curtis Raleigh, 15 Mar. 1858, microfilm 1149525 (restricted access), FHL. Alonzo Hazeltine Raleigh, Family Record, 1623–1891, p. 12, Caroline C Raleigh, microfilm 1597655, DGS 7579826, FHL. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Genealogical Department, Genealogical Surveys of LDS Members: Autobiographies and Ancestors, vol. 32, p. 424, Caroline Curtis Raleigh Wells, microfilm 1059456, image 492/600, FHL. 

[3] Alonzo H. Raleigh, Autobiography, p. 4, MS 11438, image 7/20, CHL. Camp of Israel, Camp of Israel Schedules and Reports, 1845–1849, Heber C. Kimball’s 1848 Emigration Division, Feb. 1848, MS 14290, image 21/29, CHL. “Caroline Curtis Raleigh,” Pioneer Database (https://history.churchofjesuschrist.org/overlandtravel/, accessed 29 May 2019).

[4] “Endowments of the Living, 1851–1884,” The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Endowment House, vol. C, 1857–1861, p. 74, line 1873, Caroline Curtis Raleigh, 15 Mar. 1858, microfilm 1149525 (restricted access), FHL. Alonzo Hazeltine Raleigh, Family Record, 1623–1891, p. 16, Caroline C Raleigh, microfilm 1597655, DGS 7579826, FHL.

[5] “Sealings of Couples, 1851–1889,” The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Endowment House, vol. D, 1861–1866, p. 203, line 777, Lewis Leonard Polmanteer and Caroline C Raleigh, 27 Mar. 1863, microfilm 1149514 (restricted access), FHL. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Genealogical Department, Genealogical Surveys of LDS Members: Autobiographies and Ancestors, vol. 32, p. 425, Caroline Curtis Raleigh Wells, microfilm 1059456, image 494/600, FHL.

[6] 1870 U.S. Census, Kimballsville, Rich Co., Utah Territory, p. 1, line 19, Caroline C. Polmanteer.

[7] 1880 U.S. Census, Salt Lake City Nineteenth Ward, Salt Lake Co., Utah Territory, ED 46, p. 11, line 45, Caroline Rolley. “Sealings of Couples, Living and by Proxy, 1861–1866,” The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Endowment House, vol. L, 1878–1883, p. 92, Daniel Hanmer Wells and Caroline Curtis Raleigh, 17 July 1879, microfilm 183402 (restricted access), FHL.

[8] Nineteenth Ward, Salt Lake Stake, Nineteenth Ward Historical Record, 1849–1983, LR 6092 2, CHL. “Reorganization,” Woman’s Exponent, 15 June 1890, 14.

[9] EBW, Diary, 21 Jan. 1890; 10 Jan. 1891; 11 May 1891; 17 Aug. 1894; 25 Jan. 1899; 16 Jan. 1902; 31 Aug. 1904. 

[10] “Book Notice,” Woman’s Exponent, 15 Sept. 1890, 56. 

[11] EBW, Diary, 2 Dec. 1890 and 12 Jan. 1891. “Home Industry,” Deseret Weekly (Salt Lake City), 7 July 1894, 28. “Women’s Cooperative Mercantile and Manufacturing Institution,” Salt Lake Herald, 26 Feb. 1891, 8. “Brevities,” Salt Lake Times, 25 Feb. 1891, 8. “W.C.M. and M. Institution,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 Sept. 1891, 37. “Ladies Meeting,” Woman’s Exponent, 15 Sept. 1894 and 1 Oct. 1894, 189.

[12] “W.S.A. Salt Lake Co.,” Woman’s Exponent, 15 Oct. 1891, 62. EBW, Diary, 21 Apr. 1892. “W.S.A. Reports,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 May 1892, 159. “Salt Lake W.S.A.,” Woman’s Exponent, 15 Sept. 1894 and 1 Oct. 1894, 189. 

[13] “U.W.P. Club,” Woman’s Exponent, 15 July 1892, 14. “Women’s Press Club,” Salt Lake Herald, 31 Oct. 1894, 5. “U.W.P.C.,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 and 15 Nov. 1894, 5. EBW, Diary, 30 Sept. 1899 and 4 Nov. 1901.

[14] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Genealogical Department, Genealogical Surveys of LDS Members: Autobiographies and Ancestors, vol. 32, p. 426, Caroline Curtis Raleigh Wells, microfilm 1059456, image 494/600, FHL.

[15] “Notes and News,” Woman’s Exponent, 1 Oct. 1884, 72.

[16] 1900 U.S. Census, Randolph, Rich Co., UT, ED 116, p. 250, line 7, Caroline C. Wells.

[17] “Successful Year of Pioneers’ Daughters,” Inter-Mountain Republican (Salt Lake City), 12 Apr. 1907, 1. “To Perpetuate Pioneer Day,” Deseret Evening News (Salt Lake City), 25 July 1907, 5.

[18] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Genealogical Department, Genealogical Surveys of LDS Members: Autobiographies and Ancestors, vol. 32, p. 428, Caroline Curtis Raleigh Wells, microfilm 1059456, image 496/600, FHL. “Wells, Caroline C R,” General Land Office Records, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), General Land Office (GLO) Records (https://glorecords.blm.gov/default.aspx, accessed 9 July 2019). R. L. Polk & Co.’s Pocatello City and Bannock County Directory 1915–1916 (Salt Lake City: R. L. Polk, 1914), 244.

[19] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Genealogical Department, Genealogical Surveys of LDS Members: Autobiographies and Ancestors, vol. 32, p. 428, Caroline Curtis Raleigh Wells, microfilm 1059456, image 496/600, FHL. Seattle, Washington, City Directory 1916 (Seattle: R. L. Polk, 1916), 1587. 1920 U.S. Census, Seattle, King Co., WA, ED 183, p. 13A, line 32, Caroline C. Wells. 1930 U.S. Census, Seattle, King Co., WA, ED 17-107, p. 24B, line 70, Caroline C. Wells.

[20] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Genealogical Department, Genealogical Surveys of LDS Members: Autobiographies and Ancestors, vol. 32, p. 428, Caroline Curtis Raleigh Wells, microfilm 1059456, image 496/600, FHL.

[21] Polk’s Butte City Directory 1934 (Salt Lake City: R. L. Polk, 1934), 266, 330.

[22] Deer Lodge Co., MT, County Births and Deaths, 1840–2004, Death Certificates, 1929–1936, cert. no. 5040-9355, (1936), Caroline Curtis Wells, microfilm 529446, FHL. Montana, County Births and Deaths, 1840–2004, Deer Lodge Death Register Index, 1896–1946, vol. 1, line 9163, image 314/329 (1936), Carline Curtis Wells.